Tuesday, March 25, 2014

kaukana - kaukaa - kauas - kauan

These words form quite a strange group. Whatever the basic form is, perhaps kauka, it is not used anymore.

Missä? Where?

  • Onko se kaukana? - Is it far away? 
  • Tukholma on kauempana kuin Pietari. - Stockholm is farther away than Saint Petersburg.
  • Kuka asuu kaikkein kauimpana? - Who lives the farthest away?

Mistä? From where?

  • Oletko varma, että näet noin kaukaa? - Are you sure that you can see from that far away?
  • Katso kauempaa. - Look from farther away.
  • Kuka on tullut kauimpaa? - Who has arrived from the farthest away?

Minne? To where?

  • Juokse niin kauas kuin voit! - Run as far as you can! (This historical case is actually called lative. Live and learn!)
  • Menkää kauemmas. - Go further away. 
  • Kuka heitti kännykän kauimmas? - Who threw the mobile phone to the farthest away?

Kuinka kauan? For how long?

Finally, these ones are strangely about time, not distance. I've noticed that  many foreigners say pitkä aika when the correct expression would be kauan. 

Here's how you can use pitkä aika:

  • En ole nähnyt häntä pitkään aikaan. - I haven't seen him for a long time. (negative sentence)
  • Oli kiva jutella pitkästä aikaa. - It was nice to talk, it had been a long time. (positive sentence)


About the author of this blog:  

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish or novels in easy Finnish.

Lue lisää selkokirjoista: https://privatefinnishlessons.com/books/


Alberto said...

Miksei ole viimeisessä lauseessa "pitkä" ja "aika" samassa sijamuodossa, eli "pitkästä ajasta" tai "pitkää aikaa"?

Random Finnish Lesson / Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Hyvä kysymys, En tiedä. Se vain on niin. Mun täytyy soittaa huomenna Kotuksen neuvontapuhelimeen.:) http://www.kotus.fi/index.phtml?s=118