Tuesday, June 11, 2024

How to say only, just and exactly in Finnish

I've noticed that sometimes Finnish learners say 'just' when they should say 'vain' (or 'vaan' in colloquial Finnish). It's understandable, because sometimes the Finnish 'just' does mean the same as the English 'just'. However, it's not always like that. 

vain = only, just


  • Minä söin vain leipää. - I ate only bread.
  • Colloquial Finnish: Mä söin vaan leipää. - I ate only bread. 
  • Notice that 'vain' is vaan in colloquial Finnish. 


juuri = just, recently


  • Minä söin juuri leipää. - I was eating bread just now.
  • Colloquial Finnish: Mä söin just leipää. - I was eating bread just now. 
  • Notice that 'juuri' is 'just' in colloquial Finnish. So here 'just' means the same in both languages!




    juuri = exactly


    • Se on juuri tämä. - It's exactly this one. 
    • Colloquial Finnish: Se on just tää. - It's exactly this one. 
    • Juuri niin! - Exactly!
    • Colloquial Finnish: Just nii! - Exactly!
    • Notice that 'juuri' is 'just' in colloquial Finnish.




    Oh, here's an add: A Finnish pronunciation workshop on Zoom in June 13 at 6.P.M. Finnish time. The price of the workshop is €32 and it lasts for 2 hours. I will be teaching the workshop together with my colleague Päivi Virkkunen from Ääntämisklinkka






    About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 

    My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.  


    Wednesday, May 29, 2024

    Finnish pronunciation workshop in June

    Come practice Finnish pronunciation with me and my colleague Päivi Virkkunen! Päivi is specialized in phonetics, so she is really good at teaching Finnish pronunciation. 

    Time, place and price: 





    Content of the workshop:


    • The vowels y,ö and ä
    • Finnish h (a little different depending on the other sounds around it)
    • Finnish l (surprisingly tricky)
    • The ŋ sound (hiding in nk and ng!)
    • No aspiration! (k, p, and t are just k, p and t.)
    • Duration (long and short vowels and consonants)

    How does it work?


    • Päivi and I will first model the pronunciation and explain how it's done, and then the students can practice with their microphones off. After that, you can ask questions, and then we'll move on to the next topic.
    • We will speak Finnish, but the slides are in Finnish and in English. 
    • If you want, you can be completely silent and anonymous during the workshop, but you can also have your camera and microphone on and participate in the conversation.

    Tervetuloa työpajaan! Welcome to the workshop!



    Useful links:



    About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 

    My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.  

    Friday, May 24, 2024

    Object or adverbial? (Finnish grammar is fun!)

    The object in Finnish grammar can sometimes be confusing, because a clause element that feels like an object might actually be an adverbial.

     
    Sentences with an object


    These are object sentences. Notice the partitive in a negative sentence.

    • Minä ymmärrän kysymyksen. - I understand the question.
    • Minä en ymmärrä kysymystä. - I don't understand the question.

    • Tarvitsen uuden laukun. - I need a new bag.
    • En tarvitse uutta laukkua. - I don't need a new bag.

    In Finnish grammar, the object can be in five different cases


    • Kysyin hyvän kysymyksen. - I asked a good question.
    • En muista kysymystä. - I don't remember the question.
    • Kysy edes yksi kysymys! - Ask at least one question!
    • Unohdin kaikki kysymykset. - I forgot all the questions.
    • Opiskelijat kysyivät paljon kysymyksiä. - The students asked a lot of questions. 

    (We also have an accusative, but not in these sentences.)
    You can read more about the object cases in this post
    Here's a list of very common object sentences


    Sentences with an adverbial


    Here comes the weird part: These are sentences with an adverbial, although in some other languages, they would be object sentences. Sometimes my students ask why the noun isn't in partitive although the sentence is negative.

    • Minä vastaan kysymykseen. - I'll answer the question.
    • Minä en vastaa kysymykseen. - I won't answer the question.

    • Tykkään kahvista. - I like coffee.
    • En tykkää kahvista. - I don't like coffee.

    'Kysymykseen' and 'kahvista' can't be objects in Finnish, because they are in illative and elative cases, which is what the verbs 'vastata' and 'tykätä' require.
      In short, if the verb has some kind of case government, the adverbial (which you might think is an object) remains in the same case even if the sentence is negative. 

      I hope this was helpful, not more confusing. 

      Uusi kielemme has wonderful lists about verbs that require the adverbials to be in a certain case:


      It also has a list of the MA infinites that certain verbs require: 


      And a list of so called partitive verbs: 

      Voit lukea suomeksi lisää objektista esimerkiksi täältä:




      About the author of Random Finnish Lesson

      My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.

      Monday, May 6, 2024

      Opeton and Opetonbot (AI language learning apps for practicing Finnish)

      I have a new episode on my podcast! I interviewed Patrik Holopainen about his language learning app Opeton. For freestyle Finnish practice, there's Opetonbot.

      Opeton


      The idea of Opeton is that the student and the AI teacher chat (actually talk) in the app about various topics. You can try out Opeton for free for 30 minutes (at once or in segments, and you can choose from different languages) and then subscribe for a month (approximately 10 €) or a year (approximately 60 €) if you want to continue with it. I use for my own language studies, and it's so much fun!

      First, you choose a language, a level, and a daily goal in minutes. Then you choose the conversation you want to have with Opeton, and give them a call. You can read the same line that Opeton says, but if you don't understand, you can listen to the line again or read the translation. If you have no idea how to reply, there is an example button, and you can just read aloud what Opeton suggests. It is so much fun. 

      I was so excited about the topic that I forgot my podcast is supposed to be in easy-ish Finnish. Sorry about that! However, I've included the questions in the episode description, so hopefully they'll help you understand. 

      My podcast is also on Spotify and Apple Podcasts.


      I asked Patrik these questions:


      1. Kuka olet ja mitä teet? Who are you and what do you do?
      2. Mitä olet opiskellut ja missä asut? What have you studied and where do you live?
      3. Miten päädyit kehittämään Opeton-sovelluksen? How did you end up developing the Opeton application?
      4. Milloin aloitit Opetonin kehittämisen? When did you start developing Opeton?
      5. Miten Opeton eroaa muista samantyyppisistä sovelluksista? How does Opeton differ from other similar applications?
      6.  Millaisia algoritmeja ja tekniikoita Opeton käyttää puheentunnistukseen ja kielen ymmärtämiseen? What kind of algorithms and techniques does Opeton use for speech recognition and language understanding?
      7. Muistaako Opeton, mitä minä olen sanonut? Does Opeton remember what I've said?
      8. Kertooko Opeton toisille käyttäjille, mitä minä olen sanonut? Does Opeton tell other users what I've said?
      9. Millaista palautetta olette saaneet käyttäjiltä? What kind of feedback have you received from users?
      10. Millaisia tulevaisuudensuunnitelmia tai tavoitteita Opetonilla on? What kind of future plans or goals does Opeton have?




      Opetonbot









      About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 

      My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.

      Monday, April 29, 2024

      Watching TV in Finnish or with Finnish subtitles

      How to watch Finnish tv shows for free? At least through these three websites and apps. Remember to turn on the subtitles, ohjelmatekstitys.


      Yle Areena


      • TV and radio programmes from Yle channels.


      Ruutu.fi



      MTV Katsomo




      Kuva: MTV Katsomo



      Lue lisää: 


      About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 

      My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.