Saturday, July 24, 2021

Talking about vocabulary in Finnish

Sanasto and sanavarasto are two words that Finnish learners need quite often. They both mean vocabulary, but they are used a bit differently.

Sanasto


Sanasto is made of sana and a sto suffix.

  • Minun täytyy opiskella lisää sanastoa.  - I have to study more vocabulary. 
  • Onko tämän kirjan lopussa sanasto? - Is there a vocabulary / glossary at the end of this book?

Sanavarasto


Sanavarasto is someone's personal vocabulary, a storage space of words. 

  • Osaan kieliopin, mutta sanavarastoni on vielä pieni. - I know the grammar, but my vocabulary is still small. 
  • Hänellä on todella laaja sanavarasto. - She has a very broad vocabulary. 
  • Haluan laajentaa sanavarastoani. - I want to expand my vocabulary.



Read more about Finnish vocabulary:




About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if your want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 


Friday, July 23, 2021

Talking about temperatures in Finnish

Kylmä is cold, viileä is cool, haalea is lukewarm, lämmin is warm, and kuuma is hot. How about these?

  1. jääkylmä
  2. jääkaappikylmä
  3. huoneenlämpöinen
  4. ruumiinlämpöinen
  5. kädenlämpöinen
  6. taskulämmin
  7. tulikuuma
  8. Helvetin kuuma


(Translations after this picture.)



  1. jääkylmä = ice cold
  2. jääkaappikylmä = refridgerator cold
  3. huoneenlämpöinen = room temperature warm
  4. ruumiinlämpöinen = body temperature warm
  5. kädenlämpöinen =  hand temperature warm, basically the same as ruumiinlämpöinen
  6. taskulämmin = warm as if you have been holding it in your pocket
  7. tulikuuma = hot as fire
  8. Helvetin kuuma = hot as hell


Read more about Finnish adjectives: 



About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if your want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 

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About the author of this blog: 


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if your want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 

Monday, July 19, 2021

How to say 'enough' in Finnish

Tarpeeksi and riittävästi both mean enough. Here's something more about the words: 

Tarpeeksi


  • tarvita - to need something
  • tarve - a need
  • tarpeeksi - for one's need = enough
  • Onko sinulla tarpeeksi sukkia? - Do you have enough socks?

Riittävästi


  • riittää - to be enough
  • riittävä - adequate
  • riittävästi - adequately
  • Liikutko riittävästi? - Do you exercise enough? (liikkua = to move)
  • Onko sinulla riittävästi lämpimiä vaatteita mukana? - Do you have enoigh warm clothes with you?
  • Kiitos, tämä riittää. - Thank you. this is enough.
  • Mikään ei koskaan riitä sinulle! - Nothing is ever enough for you!

Lue lisää: 






About the author of this blog: 


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if your want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 

Wednesday, July 14, 2021

How to say "through" in Finnish

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The English word through can be either läpi, kautta or myötä in Finnish. Here's how to use them: 


LÄPI

  • Kävelin kotiin metsän läpi. - I walked home through the forest. 
  • Pääsin testistä läpi kolmannella kerralla! - I passed the exam on the third time!
  • Näkyykö tästä läpi? - Can one see through this?


HALKI 

  • Mies hiihti Suomen halki. - A man skied through Finland. (Halki seems to be almost the same as läpi. You could also say that Mies hiihti Suomen läpi.)  
  • Halki, poikki ja pinoon! - A Finnish expression related to wood chopping: Split in half, cut and put in a pile. People use this when they talk about how fast and effectively something was done. (Actually, the order should be poikki, halki ja pinoon.) 

KAUTTA

  • Kävelin kotiin metsän kautta. - I walked home through the forest. (And perhaps I stopped there for a while. Anyway, kautta is kind of stronger then läpi.)
  • Kävelin kotiin Alkon kautta. - I walked home through Alko (and I probably bought something).
  • Opin tämän asian kantapään kautta.  - I learned this through my mistakes (through my heel).


MYÖTÄ

  • Valokuvaaja alkoi kuvata koiria koronapandemian myötä.  -  A photographer started to take pictures of dogs throughout / during the pandemic. (Voit lukea artikkelin täällä.)
  • Olen alkanut ymmärtää suomalaisia paremmin tämän tv-sarjan myötä.  - I have started to understand Finns better because of this tv series.






About the author of this blog: 


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if your want to be the first one to know when I post something new.