Wednesday, September 10, 2014

pa - pä

I just found this post in my draft folder. Olipa kiva yllätys! - What a nice surprise!

Translating pa oris kind of tricky. I hope that these examples help you to understand how it's used and what it expresses. Just like kin, you can use this enclitic participle only once in a sentence. Pa or is usually added to the first word of the sentence.

A surprise or an emphasis

  • Onpa komeat viikset! - Such a handsome mustache!
  • Lauloitpa sinä hyvin! - Oh how well you sung!
  • Onpa teillä kiva koti. - Such a nice home you have.
  • Olipa kiva päivä! - What a nice day it was!
  • Tulipa siitä hieno kakku! - Wow, that cake turned out fancy!
  • Minäpä soitan nyt isoäidille. - Well, I'm going to call grandma now. 
  • Mepä syötiin jo! - We ate already!
  • Mikkopa lähtee vaihto-oppilaaksi. - Well, Mikko is going to be an exchange student.

A mild command (Notice how the pronunciation of p doubles in the singular imperative forms.)

  • Syöpä nyt reippaasti! - Why don't you eat cheerily now! [syöppä]
  • Puepa sukat jalkaan! - Why don't you get the socks on! [pueppa]
  • Istupa tähän joulupukin syliin. - Why don't you sit here on the Santa Claus' lap. [istuppa]
  • Tulkaapa pojat tänne! - Why don't you boys come here! 
  • Kertokaapa, mistä se saitte nuo. - Why don't you tell where you got those.

Disagreeing, child-like arguing

  • (Minä istun tässä.) Minäpä! - (I'll sit here.) No, I will!
  • (Tämä oli minulla ensin.) Eipä ollut! - (I had this first.) No you didn't!
  • (Miksi sinä et siivonnut?)  Siivosinpa!! - (Why didn't you clean up?) Yes I did!

A wish

  • Olisipa jo huominen! - I wish it was tomorrow already!
  • Sataisipa jo lunta! - I wish it would snow already!

8 comments:

  1. Kiitos! how about han on the end of a word?

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  2. That's another tricky one! It has several uses, but I'd say that the most common is wondering: http://randomfinnishlesson.blogspot.fi/2014/06/wondering-in-finnish.html

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  3. Here are some examples of its use: http://www.edu.vantaa.fi/vasamanet/sisalto/Suomen_kielioppi/Partikkelit/liitepartikkelit-han.htm

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  4. Hanna, does "Olipa kiva yllätys!" mean "What a nice surprise it was." - Does it exclusively point to the past? Can you consequently say "Onpa kiva yllätys!" when it is happening right now?

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  5. Hei Erik! Joo, se on oikein. Voit sanoa "Onpa kiva yllätys."

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  6. Minusta sun blogi on todellinen helmi! :)

    ReplyDelete