Friday, February 15, 2013

oppia - opettaa - opiskella - opetella

I've noticed that these verbs are easy to mix. Here are some simple sentences and the four important forms of each verb.

oppia, opin, opin, oppinut - to learn

  • Opin lukemaan neljävuotiaana. - I learned to read when I was four.
  • Mitä me voimme oppia tästä? - What can we learn from this?
  • Etkö sinä koskaan opi? - Don't you ever learn?

opiskella, opiskelen, opiskelin, opiskellut - to study

  • Kuinka kauan sinä olet opiskellut suomea? - How long have you studied Finnish?
  • Haluaisin opiskella oikeustiedettä. - I'd like to study law.
  • No niin, opiskellaan! - Well then, let's study!

opettaa, opetan, opetin, opettanut - to teach

  • Saanko minä opettaa sinulle jotain? - Can I teach you something?
  • Oletko koskaan opettanut suomalaisia teini-ikäisiä? - Have you ever taught Finnish teenagers?
  • Kuka opetti sinut ajamaan autoa? - Who taught you how to drive a car?

opetella, opettelen, opettelin, opetellut - to learn without a teacher, to teach oneself

  • Voisitko opetella syömään suu kiinni? - Could you learn how to eat with you mouth shut?
  • Tänä kesänä opettelen soittamaan kitaraa! - This summer, I will teach myself to play the guitar!
  • Missä välissä sinä olet opetellut japania? - When have you had time to teach yourself Japanese?

3 comments:

  1. A useful and relevant thing to point out here, especially for English speakers, is that 'opiskella' is used to talk about studying or taking a course in a particular discipline, while a different verb is used when talking about studying course material or reviewing/revising for an exam. (I think this would be 'lukea' (to read)?)

    A similar mistake is often made by English speakers learning German, where 'studieren' would be the equivalent to 'opiskella' and 'lernen' to study or review for exam.

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  2. Yes, a very good point. Thanks for the addition!

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  3. Awesome! Mä opettelen suomea, and I was getting confused with the various words for "learning" :).

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