Monday, July 3, 2017

20+ Finnish words ending with 'sto'

I'm sure that many of you know that kirja and kirjasto mean a book and a library. The meaning of sto is usually a group or a collection of something, but it is not always so obvious. You can try to be creative with this ending, but don't be surprised if people don't understand what you mean.:) Here are 20 quite common words that end with sto. I have put the root word first and the derivated word second. Feel free to share more words and translations in the comments!

  1. aine > aineisto
  2. elin > elimistö
  3. huone > huoneisto
  4. kirja > kirjasto
  5. kone > koneisto
  6. laiva > laivasto
  7. lehti > lehdistö
  8. luu > luusto
  9. maa > maasto
  10. mies > miehistö
  11. näppäin > näppäimistö
  12. ohjelma > ohjelmisto
  13. osa > osasto
  14. oppi > opisto
  15. saari > saaristo
  16. tieto > tiedosto
  17. tila > tilasto
  18. puu > puisto 
  19. sivu > sivusto
  20. toimi > toimisto
  21. verkko > verkosto
  22. virka > virasto
  23. vuori > vuoristo
  24. väki > väestö
  25. ympäri > ympäristö

Notice, that usually you need the plural stem before the sto ending. If a short (one or two syllables) noun ends with an a, o or u, the sto is added to the singular stem. The words ending with have either singular or plural stem.




Translations:

  1. aine > aineisto - material > data
  2. elin > elimistö - an organ > a body, an organism
  3. huone > huoneisto - a room > a set of rooms, a suite
  4. kirja > kirjasto - a book > a library
  5. kone > koneisto - a machine > a machinery
  6. laiva > laivasto - a boat, a ship > a navy
  7. lehti > lehdistö  - a newspaper / magazine > press
  8. luu > luusto - a bone > the bones (NOT a graveyard, although that would be very logical!)
  9. maa > maasto - land > a ground, a terrain
  10. mies > miehistö - a man > a crew
  11. näppäin > näppäimistö - a button, a key > a keyboard
  12. osa > osasto - a part > a department
  13. ohjelma > ohjelmisto - a programme > a software, a repertoire
  14. oppi > opisto - learning > a college, an institute
  15. saari > saaristo - an island > an archipelago
  16. tieto > tiedosto - knowledge > a data file
  17. tila > tilasto - a place, a state > statistics
  18. puu > puisto - a tree > a park (Yes, this is a plural stem. There is also puusto which means the trees of a certain area.)
  19. sivu > sivusto - a page > a (web)site
  20. toimi > toimisto - a chore, a task > an office
  21. verkko > verkosto - a web > a network
  22. virka > virasto - a public office/ position > a bureau
  23. vuori > vuoristo - a mountain > a range of mountains
  24. väki > väestö - a crowd > a population
  25. ympäri > ympäristö - around > environment

Sometimes sto-words can also be nouns derived from verb type 1 verbs. (I should write more about this topic!)

  • muistaa > muisto - to remember > a memory
  • kestää > kesto - to last > duration
  • estää > esto - to block > a block

Sometimes words can end with sto without having a root word, such as juusto, cheese. The root word can also be an adverb as in ympäristö, an environment. 

If you like these kind of posts, you can check out all the noun type blog posts I have written. And don't forget Iso suomen kielioppi! If you like my blog, you might also like my Facebook page and my Instagram account.


About the author of Random Finnish lesson: 


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in www.linktr.ee/hannamannikkolahti and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

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