Monday, December 17, 2012

mukana - mukaan

These two words can both be translated as with or along.

Mukana is often used with minulla on construction and with verbs that don't express direction.

  • Onhan sinulla varmasti passi mukana? - Are you sure you have your passport along?
  • Mitä ihmettä sinulla on mukana? - What on earth do you have with you? (ihme = wonder, miracle)
  • Oletteko tässä mukana vai ette? - Are you in with this or not?
  • Älä mene niin lujaa, minä en pysy mukana! - Don't go so fast, I cannot keep up with you!
  • Laula vain muiden mukana. - Just go ahead and sing along with the others.

Mukaan is often used with verbs tulla and ottaa.  As you can see from the illative ending (long vowel + n), there's the idea of to somewhere.

  • Tulkaa mukaan ensi kerralla! - Come along the next time!
  • Minä en ota mitään muuta mukaan kuin kännykän ja lompakon. - I'm not going to take anything else with me but my phone and my wallet.
  • Otatko minut mukaan seuraavalla kerralla, kun menet teatteriin? - Will you take me along next time you're going to theatre?
  • Eihän haittaa, että otin meidän kissat mukaan? - I hope it doesn't bother that I took our cats along.

In written language, add the possessive suffixes:

  • Muista ottaa mukaasi tarpeeksi vessapaperia. - Remember to take along enough toilet paper.
  • Miksi teillä on aina mukananne tuo iso matkalaukku? - Why do you always have that big suitcase with you?

Mukaan can also mean according to somebody or something, and mukana can also be involved in.

  • Mun siskon mukaan tämä on tosi hyvä kirja. - According to my sister, this is a really good book.
  • Keitetään lisää kahvia tarpeen mukaan. - Let's make more coffee if needed
  • Älä vain sano, että sinäkin olet mukana tässä jutussa! - Please don't say that you are also involved in this case!
  • Haluaisin olla mukana tämän yhdistyksen toiminnassa - I'd like to be involved in this association.

The difference between mukana and kanssa? I'd say that kanssa is being or doing something with somebody in a more active way, and mukana is more like being there, but observing or tagging along.

  • Tulin tänne Elinan kanssa. - I came here with Elina.
  • Tulin tänne Elinan mukana. - I came here with Elina. (She's the one who has something going on in here, I just came along because she was so kind and took me with her.) Terveisiä Elinalle! :)

6 comments:

  1. Can't mukana also mean something along the lines of "involved in" or maybe "responsible for"? I remember reading some news where this meaning seemed to fit.
    For example, about the ex russian policeman who was involved in a journalist murder, there was a sentence that was something like "hän oli mukana murhassa".

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  2. Oh yes, you are absolutely right. I'll add it to the original post. Kiitos!

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  3. Of course, since those words look inflected, one could think that muka would be related. Not so: muka means "supposedly".

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  4. This is extremely helpful. Kiitos!

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    1. Ole hyvä! Mukavaa, että tästä oli hyötyä. Oh, 'mukava = nice' has nothing to do with 'mukana', either.:)

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  5. Why is it "Tulin tänne Elinan mukana." and not "Tulin tänne Elinan mukaan."?
    Doesn't the verb "tulla" require "mukaan"?

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