Saturday, June 21, 2014

Making a verb into a noun

Making verbal nouns with the ending minen is quite simple and useful to know.

  • Leipominen on kiva harrastus. - Baking is a nice hobby.
  • Opiskeleminen on ihanaa! - Studying is wonderful!

Here's how to form it:

  1. Take a verb.  > leipoa, opiskella (to bake, to study)
  2. Make the third person plural form. > he leipovat, he opiskelevat  (they bake, they study)
  3. Drop the ending vat in order to get the correct stem. > leipo-, opiskele-
  4. Add minen. > leipominen, opiskeleminen (baking, studying)
  5. Ta-daa, you have a verbal noun!

It seems relatively easy in the beginning, but the more you want to say, the crazier grammar you'll encounter. First of all, notice the twisted word order:

  • syödä ulkona: Ulkona syöminen on kallista. - Eating out is expensive. 
  • nukkua teltassa: Teltassa nukkuminen on hauskaa. - Sleeping in a tent is fun. 
  • asua kämppiksen kanssa: Kämppiksen kanssa asuminen on mukavaa. - Living with a flatmate is nice. 
  • juosta järven ympäri: Järven ympäri juokseminen kestää tunnin.- Running around the lake takes an hour. 

In addition, if the verb expression has an object, the object has to be in genitive. 

  • soittaa kitaraa: Kitaran soittaminen on helppoa. - Playing the guitar is easy.
  • saada opiskelupaikka: Opiskelupaikan saaminen on vaikeaa. - Getting a study place is difficult. 

Sometimes even in plural genitive:

  • harjata hampaat: Hampaiden harjaaminen kestää vain kolme minuuttia.  - Brushing the teeth takes only three minutes.
  • tehdä muistiinpanoja: Muistiinpanojen tekeminen on tärkeää. - Taking notes is important.

The minen nouns belong to the category of words that end with nen. Partitive and elative cases are usually the confusing ones, so pay attention to these examples:

Partitive:

  • Mä rakastan siivoamista! - I love cleaning! (siivoamis + ta)
  • Mä inhoan imuroimista! - I hate vacuuming! (imuroimis + ta)
  • Mä harrastan tanssimista. - I dance. Dancing is my hobby. (tanssimis + ta).

Elative:

  • Mä  tykkään siivoamisesta. -  I  like cleaning. (siivoamise + sta)
  • Mä en tykkää imuroimisesta. - I don't like vacuuming. (imuroimise + sta)
  • Oletko kiinnostunut tanssimisesta? - Are you interested in dancing? (tanssimise + sta)

Notice that there are also other ways to turn verbs into nouns. Scroll down to 7) Teonnimet to find out other possible endings. The minen one is the most productive of them all, and you can apply it to any Finnish verb.

1 comment:

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