Monday, July 3, 2017

20 words ending with 'sto'

I'm sure that many of you know that kirja and kirjasto mean a book and a library. The meaning of sto is usually a group or a collection of something, but it is not always so obvious. You can try to be creative with this ending, but don't be surprised if people don't understand what you mean.:) Here are 20 quite common words that end with sto. I have put the root word first and the derivated word second. Feel free to share more words and translations in the comments!

  1. elin > elimistö
  2. huone > huoneisto
  3. kirja > kirjasto
  4. kone > koneisto
  5. laiva > laivasto
  6. luu > luusto
  7. maa > maasto
  8. mies > miehistö
  9. näppäin > näppäimistö
  10. ohjelma > ohjelmisto
  11. osa > osasto
  12. oppi > opisto
  13. saari > saaristo
  14. tila > tilasto
  15. puu > puisto 
  16. sivu > sivusto
  17. toimi > toimisto
  18. verkko > verkosto
  19. virka > virasto
  20. väki > väestö

Notice, that usually you need the plural stem before the sto ending. If a short (one or two syllables) noun ends with an a, o or u, the sto is added to the singular stem. The words ending with have either singular or plural stem.


Translations:

  1. elin > elimistö - an organ > a body, an organism
  2. huone > huoneisto - a room > a set of rooms, a suite
  3. kirja > kirjasto - a book > a library
  4. kone > koneisto - a machine > a machinery
  5. laiva > laivasto - a boat, a ship > a navy
  6. luu > luusto - a bone > the bones (NOT a graveyard, although that would be very logical!)
  7. maa > maasto - land > a ground, a terrain
  8. mies > miehistö - a man > a crew
  9. näppäin > näppäimistö - a button, a key > a keyboard
  10. osa > osasto - a part > a department
  11. ohjelma > ohjelmisto - a programme > a software, a repertoire
  12. oppi > opisto - learning > a college, an institute
  13. saari > saaristo - an island > an archipelago
  14. tila > tilasto - a place, a state > statistics
  15. puu > puisto - a tree > a park (Yes, this is a plural stem. There is also puusto which means the trees of a certain area.)
  16. sivu > sivusto - a page > a (web)site
  17. toimi > toimisto - a chore, a task > an office
  18. verkko > verkosto - a web > a network
  19. virka > virasto - a public office/ position > a bureau
  20. väki > väestö - a crowd > a population

Oh, sometimes sto-words can also be nouns derived from verb type 1 verbs. (I should write more about this topic!)

  • muistaa > muisto - to remember > a memory
  • kestää > kesto - to last > duration
  • estää > esto - to block > a block

Notice that sometimes words can end with sto without having a root word, such as juusto, cheese. The root word can also be an adverb as in ympäristö, an environment. 

If you like these kind of posts, you can check out all the noun type blog posts I have written. And don't forget Iso suomen kielioppi! If you like my blog, you might also like my Facebook page and my Instagram account.

1 comment:

  1. I always follow you, I loved it, thank u

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