Thursday, January 24, 2013

Question words in Finnish

There are two ways of making questions in Finnish: with a question word or with the question ending ko or . This post is about the most common question words.

  1. Mikä sun sukunimi on? 
  2. Mitä sinä teet? 
  3. Minkä värinen se on?
  4. Missä sinä asut
  5. Mistä maasta sinä olet kotoisin? 
  6. Mihin sinä menet? / Minne sinä menet? 
  7. Millä te matkustatte? 
  8. Miltä tämä tuntuu? 
  9. Mille luokalle sinä menet? 
  10. Minä päivänä te lähdette
  11. Miksi sinä et soittanut?  
  12. Kuinka vanha sinä olet? / Miten vanha sinä olet? 


  1. Mikä sun sukunimi on? - What is your last name?
  2. Mitä sinä teet? - What are you doing? What are you making? (This is the partitive form.)
  3. Minkä värinen se on? - What colour is it?
  4. Missä sinä asut? - Where do you live?
  5. Mistä maasta sinä olet kotoisin?  - Which country are you from?
  6. Mihin sinä menet? / Minne sinä menet? - Where are you going to?
  7. Millä te matkustatte? - How (With which vehicle) will you travel?
  8. Miltä tämä tuntuu? - How (from what) does this feel?
  9. Mille luokalle sinä menet? - To which class will you go (attend)?
  10. Minä päivänä te lähdette? - On which day will you leave?
  11. Miksi sinä et soittanut?  - Why didn't you call?
  12. Kuinka vanha sinä olet? / Miten vanha sinä olet? - How old are you?

Notice how the words kuka and kumpi change:

  • Kuka tuo mies oli? - Who was that man? (In spoken language, tuo is often toi.)
  • Kenen tämä on? - Whose is this? (Don't say kukan, because it means flower's.)
  • Kenellä se on? - Who has it? 
  • Keneltä sinä sait tämän? - From whom did you get this?
  • Kenelle sinä annat sen? - To whom are you going to give it?
  • Kumpi se oli? - Which one was it?
  • Kumman sinä haluat? - Which one do you want?
  • Kummalla se oli viimeksi? - Which one had it the last time?

Mitä kuuluu? Miten menee?

This post might be the right place to discuss the annoying difference between Mitä kuuluu and Miten menee, or the reason why the answers I'm fine and How about you are different.

  • Mitä kuuluu?  = How are you? / What is audible? (Ok, a horrible translation, but you know the meaning.) 
  • Hyvää, kiitos. Entä sulle?

Mitä is mikä in partitive, so the answer should be hyvää, ihan hyvää, or something else in the same case. The question How about you is Entä sinulle or Entä sulle, because the long version of the Mitä kuuluu is actually Mitä sinulle kuuluu. 

  • Miten menee? = How is it going?
  • Hyvin, kiitos. Entä sulla?

Since the question is miten, the answer should be an adverb such as hyvin or huonosti. The long version of the question is Miten sinulla menee, so you should ask Entä sinulla or Entä sulla, if you want to know how the other person is doing.

Lue lisää:

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My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.  


Anonymous said...

The two approaches can also be combined to question a question:
Kukako tuo mies oli?

Anonymous said...


thanks for the wonderful posts

Can you please explain when to use Missä, Mistä and Mihin


Hanna said...

missä = where?
mistä = from where?
mihin = to where

Missä sinä olet?
Mistä sinä tulet?
Mihin sinä menet?

Anonymous said...

Not really. A very unorthodox phrase, even if grammatically correct it would sound strange and unintuitive to a native speaker.

Junaid said...

How do i get to figure out which question form is related to which verb?

Random Finnish Lesson / Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Hyvä kysymys! You have to know which ending the verb takes. In linguistics, it's called "case government". We often talk about "verbin rektio" in Finnish. For example "Minä rakastan SINUA" --> "KETÄ sinä rakastat?" or "Mä tykkään SUKLAASTA. --> "MISTÄ sä tykkäät?" Perhaps this list will help:

Junaid said...

Kiitos. that helps :)

Rambo said...

Hän on muun kaveri

Anonymous said...

Thanks in support of sharing such a pleasant idea,
pparagraph is pleasant, thats why i have read it

Alex S said...

The Word miksi has two meanings. Apart from "why" it has other meaning as well when it is used in endings of other Word.
Can you pealse explain what it means and how to use it.

Random Finnish Lesson / Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Hei Alex, do you mean the translative ending -KSI?

Alex S said...

Thank you very much. You saved me :)

Ines said...

"Mitä kuuluu? = How are you? / What is audible? (Ok, a horrible translation, but you know the meaning.)"

Russian speakers have a direct translation, which is also widely used as "How are you?" : "Что слышно?"