Monday, November 6, 2017

Frequentative verbs

Here's a post about verbs that express actions that happen kind of repeatedly or in a light-hearted manner. First we have verb type 3 verbs that are all derived from verb type 1 verbs by changing the end of the verb into -ella or -ellä. As you will notice, sometimes the meaning of a word can change surprisingly much!

Test yourself and see how many of these you understand:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella
  2. haistaa > haistella
  3. heittää > heitellä
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä
  5. hyppiä > hypellä
  6. järjestää > järjestellä
  7. kastaa > kastella
  8. katsoa > katsella
  9. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella
  10. kysyä > kysellä
  11. laulaa > laulella
  12. muistaa > muistella
  13. oksentaa > oksennella
  14. palaa > palella
  15. sairastaa > sairastella
  16. soittaa > soitella
  17. sanoa > sanella
  18. rakastaa > rakastella
  19. tappaa > tapella
  20. vaihtua > vaihdella

Here are the translations:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella - to sneeze > to sneeze repeatedly
  2. haistaa > haistella - to smell > to sniff
  3. heittää > heitellä - to throw > to throw back and forth
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä - to ski > to ski around, to ski in a light-hearted manner
  5. hyppiä > hypellä - to jump > to jump around
  6. järjestää > järjestellä - to organize > to arrange, to sort
  7. kastaa > kastella - to dip  > to wet something
  8. katsoa > katsella - to watch > to watch, but not so seriously
  9. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella - to write > to write back and forth
  10. kysyä > kysellä - to ask > to ask around
  11. laulaa > laulella - to sing > to sing in a light-hearted manner
  12. muistaa > muistella - to remember > to reminisce, to look back
  13. oksentaa > oksennella - to vomit > to throw up a little bit, but multiple times
  14. palaa > palella - to burn > to feel / be cold 
  15. sairastaa > sairastella - to be sick > to be sick repeatedly
  16. soittaa > soitella - to call/to play an instrument  > to call each other / to play an instrument in a light-hearted manner
  17. sanoa > sanella - to say > to dictate
  18. rakastaa > rakastella - to love > to make love
  19. tappaa > tapella - to kill > to fight, to argue
  20. vaihtua > vaihdella - to change > to vary, to alternate

Another way to make frequentative verbs is to add -eske- inside of  a verb type 3 verb. You can also add -eskella to some verb type 1 verbs. Verb type 4 verbs can get a suffix -illa.

How many do you already know?

  1. nuolla > nuoleskella
  2. olla > oleskella
  3. pierrä > piereskellä 
  4. panna > paneskella
  5. juosta > juoksennella (Juosta has an irregular conjugation anyway.)
  6. lukea > lueskella
  7. nauraa > naureskella
  8. halata > halailla
  9. kirota > kiroilla
  1. nuolla > nuoleskella - to lick > to lick multiple times, to suck up, to flatter
  2. olla > oleskella - to be > to dwell, to linger
  3. pierrä > piereskellä - to pass gas in general > to fart constantly
  4. panna > paneskella  - to have sex > to have sex with one or several people many times or in a light-hearted manner
  5. juosta > juoksennella - to run > to run around
  6. lukea > lueskella - to read > to read in a light-hearted manner
  7. nauraa > naureskella - to laught > to laugh in a sarcastic manner
  8. halata > halailla - to hug > to hug multiple times in a friendly and light-hearted way
  9. kirota > kiroilla - to curse someone > to swear

You can be very creative when making new verbs. Feel free to try anything, but don't be offended if people don't understand you.:)



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About the author of this blog:  


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish.

3 comments:

Tommy Quist said...

'dat kantele tho'

Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Aa, onko meemissä vääränlainen kantele? Mä en edes katsonut sitä.:)

jose peirano said...

Hi Hanna! Could you describe in a future post how is the structure in Finnish for "getting something done by someone" or "making someone do something for you" (something like in english is called "Causative case" for have and get):

"I got my car fixed" or "I will have my hair cut"

I know that in Finnish there are some verbs that mean that by themselves, like "laulattaa" (to make someone sing) or in the sentence:

"maalautin talun taiteilijalla" (maalauttaa) - I got my paint painted by an artist

What about other verbs that does not explicitly mean making someone do something?

if you already wrote something about that, please excuse me. I could not find it usnig the search box (or maybe I don´t know how to exactly look for it)
Thanks for everything!