Sunday, December 9, 2012

Words ending with 'in'

These words are often some sort of tools or machines, and they are usually derived from a verb. Actually, a lot of times they are homonyms with the first person singular past: pakastin means both a freezer and I froze. The basic form of the verb is pakastaa.

These are the four important forms of avain:

  • basic form avain: Kenen avain tämä on? - Whose key is this?
  • genitive avaimen: Mihin mä olen laittanut mun avaimen? - Where have I put my key?
  • partitive avainta: Et tarvitse avainta.- You won't need a key.
  • plural partitive avaimia: Oletko nähnyt mun avaimia? - Have you seen my keys?

In plural form, the e disappears before the i.

  • elative: Haluaisin teettää näistä avaimista lisäkappaleita. - I'd like to have extra copies made of these keys. 
  • adessive: Mihin näillä avaimilla pääsee? - Where can you get with these keys?

Be aware of the possible consonant change:

  • Minulla on uusi levysoitin! - I have a new record player!
  • Mistä sinä ostit tuon levysoittimen? - Where did you buy that record player?
  • Meillä ei ole levysoitinta. - We don't have a record player.
  • Onko teillä levysoittimia? - Do you have record players?

You probably already know puhelin (a phone) and kirjain (a letter as in abc), but how about these ones?

Keittiössä - in the kitchen:

  • pakastin, kahvinkeitin, leivänpaahdin, sauvasekoitin, sähkövatkain - a freezer,  a coffee maker,  a toaster, a stick blender / an immersion blender, an electric mixer

Toimistossa - in the office:

  • teroitin, viivotin, rei'itin - a sharpener, a ruler, a hole punch (Notice the cool spelling with the apostrophe!)

Autossa - in the car:

  • kytkin, kaasupoljin, varashälytin - a clutch, an accelerator pedal, a burglar alarm

The superlative forms of the adjectives also end with in, but that's another story and the declension follows a slightly different pattern. (Instead of in>ime, it's in>imma, in case you wonder.)

  • huono: Tuo oli vuoden huonoin idea! - That was the worst idea of the year!
  • kallis: Tämä oli kallein suklaarasia, minkä löysin Prismasta. - This was the most expensive box of chocolates that I found in Prisma.

3 comments:

  1. If you're going to describe -in you probably should also mention -ja which is mostly used for the animate "doer". Mix them at your own peril, eg. jyrsijä and jyrsin.

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  2. Hei! Voisitko selittää mitä eroa on mukaan ja mukana! Miten käyttää?Kiitos

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hyvä idea! Tulossa pian.:)

    ReplyDelete