Sunday, April 12, 2015

How to get dressed in Finnish

Talking about getting dressed is surprisingly complicated in Finnish, or at least it is tricky for me in English. Luckily I had a Canadian friend over to help me with this! :)

Pukeutua (pukeudun, pukeuduin, pukeutunut) is to get dressed or to wear. This is an intransitive verb, so it doesn't get an object.

  • Älä pukeudu vielä. - Don't get dressed yet. 
  • Osaatko pukeutua itse? - Do you know how to dress yourself?
  • Kuinka niihin juhliin pitäisi pukeutua? - How should one dress for the party?
  • Miksi sinä pukeudut kuin teini?  - Why do you dress like a teenager?
  • Aiotko taas pukeutua naiseksi? - Are you going to wear a woman's outfit again?
  • Kuka oli pukeutunut parhaiten? - Who was dressed the best?

Pukea (puen, puin, pukenut) is to put on clothes or to dress a person. 

  • Pue jo se takki! - Put your jacket on already! 
  • Älä pue niitä kenkiä vielä. - Don't put those shoes on yet.
  • Minä voin pukea sinut. - I can dress you.

Laittaa (päälle) is also to put something on:

  • Mitä sä laitat päälle tänä iltana? - What are you going to put on this evening?
  • Haluatko sä laittaa hameen vai housut? - Do you want to put on a skirt or pants?
  • Sä et voi laittaa tuota hametta! - You can't put that skirt on!

Other clothes-related verbs that you might need:

To wear something is usually just having something onpitää or käyttää.

  • Mitä sillä oli päällä? - What was he wearing? What did he have on?
  • Oliko sillä hienot vaatteet? - Was he wearing fancy clothes? Did he have nice clothes?
  • Aiotko sä oikeasti pitää tuota hattua? - Are you really going to wear that hat?
  • Sä et voi käyttää noita farkkuja enää! - You can't wear those jeans anymore!

Sopia (sovin, sovin, sopinut)  is to suit, to fit and to match

  • Tuo sopii sinulle tosi hyvin. - That suits you really well. That looks good on you. (Yes, you can also say Tuo pukee sinua.)
  • Tämä paita ei sovi näiden housujen kanssa. - This shirt doesn't fit with these pants. 
  • Sopiiko tämä takki tämän hameen kanssa? - Does this jacket match with this skirt?

Mahtua (mahdun, mahduin, mahtunut) is to fit (as in being a suitable size)

  • Tämä ei mahdu minulle enää! - This doesn't fit me any more! (In Finnish, you can also just blame the piece of clothing and say Tämä on jäänyt minulle pieneksi. - This has "stayed" small for me.)

3 comments:

  1. Would this be correct then?
    "Havis Amandan patsaan puketaan valkolakki"

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    Replies
    1. In that situation, the verb is usually "lakittaa".

      Havis Amanda lakitetaan.

      You can also say Havis Amandan patsaalle puetaan valkolakki päähän. So yes, almost.:)

      Delete
  2. Hauska Hanna kun hame tule pieneksi ihmisille, ei sanotaan että joku on lihonnut :)

    ReplyDelete