Saturday, January 16, 2016

Describing things

Have you noticed how sometimes the adjective is in singular partitive when you describe things in Finnish? That happens often when you describe something with just one word. Here are the most common situations when you need a singular partitive when describing things. 


1. Describing uncountable stuff

  • Vesi on liian kuumaa. - The water is too hot.
  • Keitto on kylmää. - The soup is cold.
  • Notice: Gazpacho on kylmä keitto.  - Gazpacho is a cold soup.


2. Describing activities

  • Juokseminen on hauskaa. - Running is fun.
  • Notice: Juokseminen on hauska harrastus. - Running is a fun hobby.


3. Describing other things that can be considered "abstract"

  • Se on mahdotonta! - It is impossible!
  • Kaikki on mahdollista. - Everything is possible.
  • Notice: Se on yksi mahdollinen ratkaisu. - That's one possible solution.


4. Describing the atmosphere during a time or in a place

  • Meillä oli eilen tosi kivaa! - We had a great time yesterday!
  • Helsingissä on aina mukavaa. - It's always nice in Helsinki.
  • Notice: Helsinki on mukava kaupunki. - Helsinki is a nice city.

What about describing things in plural? Check out my post about t-plural and plural partitive.



Viikonloppuna oli aurinkoista. Vesi oli kylmää. Tampereella oli mukavaa. 


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About the author of this blog:  

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish. Click here to see all my courses.

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Perfect timing for this kind of post as I'm really struggling with the partitive. Thank you!
I haven't found yet any excercises where I can practice "sijamuotoja" so that these are mixed and I have to figure out what kind of "sijamuoto" to use (gen, part, ill, etc) and if I check the excercise, there would be a sort explanation what and why is correct (part because of ainesana, gen because of..). Hanna, maybe you or some of the readers can help me with this kind of excercises?

Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Hyvä idea! You could help me by writing 10-20 sentences in English that you would like to be able to say in Finnish, and I'll create the exercises.:)