Sunday, December 9, 2012

Words ending with 'in'

These words are often some sort of tools or machines, and they are usually derived from a verb. Actually, a lot of times they are homonyms with the first person singular past: pakastin means both a freezer and I froze. The basic form of the verb is pakastaa.

These are the four important forms of avain:

  • basic form avain: Kenen avain tämä on? - Whose key is this?
  • genitive avaimen: Mihin mä olen laittanut mun avaimen? - Where have I put my key?
  • partitive avainta: Et tarvitse avainta.- You won't need a key.
  • plural partitive avaimia: Oletko nähnyt mun avaimia? - Have you seen my keys?

In plural form, the e disappears before the i.

  • elative: Haluaisin teettää näistä avaimista lisäkappaleita. - I'd like to have extra copies made of these keys. 
  • adessive: Mihin näillä avaimilla pääsee? - Where can you get with these keys?

Be aware of the possible consonant change:

  • Minulla on uusi levysoitin! - I have a new record player!
  • Mistä sinä ostit tuon levysoittimen? - Where did you buy that record player?
  • Meillä ei ole levysoitinta. - We don't have a record player.
  • Onko teillä levysoittimia? - Do you have record players?

You probably already know puhelin (a phone) and kirjain (a letter as in abc), but how about these ones?

Keittiössä - in the kitchen:

  • pakastin, kahvinkeitin, leivänpaahdin, sauvasekoitin, sähkövatkain - a freezer,  a coffee maker,  a toaster, a stick blender / an immersion blender, an electric mixer

Toimistossa - in the office:

  • teroitin, viivotin, rei'itin - a sharpener, a ruler, a hole punch (Notice the cool spelling with the apostrophe!)

Autossa - in the car:

  • kytkin, kaasupoljin, varashälytin - a clutch, an accelerator pedal, a burglar alarm

The superlative forms of the adjectives also end with in, but that's another story and the declension follows a slightly different pattern. (Instead of in>ime, it's in>imma, in case you wonder.)

  • huono: Tuo oli vuoden huonoin idea! - That was the worst idea of the year!
  • kallis: Tämä oli kallein suklaarasia, minkä löysin Prismasta. - This was the most expensive box of chocolates that I found in Prisma.

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About the author of this blog:

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish or novels in easy Finnish.

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Anonymous said...

If you're going to describe -in you probably should also mention -ja which is mostly used for the animate "doer". Mix them at your own peril, eg. jyrsijä and jyrsin.

Aiko said...

Hei! Voisitko selittää mitä eroa on mukaan ja mukana! Miten käyttää?Kiitos

Hanna said...

Hyvä idea! Tulossa pian.:)