Sunday, August 5, 2012


Tehdä is a tricky verb as it doesn't follow any of the regular verb type patterns.  The basic form looks like verb type 2, but the rest of the conjugation has elements from both verb type 1 and verb type 3.  The meaning is either to do or to make.

  • Minä teen - I make
  • Sinä teet - You make
  • Hän tekee - S/he makes (Se tekee in spoken language)
  • Me teemme - We make (Me tehdään in spoken language)
  • Te teette - You make
  • He tekevät - They make (Ne tekee in spoken language)

The past tense conjugation, positive and negative forms:

  • Minä tein  / Minä en tehnyt
  • Sinä teit /  Sinä et tehnyt
  • Hän teki / Hän ei tehnyt (Se teki / Se ei tehny)
  • Me teimme / Me emme tehneet (Me tehtiin / Me ei tehty)
  • Te teitte / Te ette tehneet
  • He tekivät / He eivät tehneet (Ne teki / Ne ei tehny)

Some everyday sentences:

  • Mitä sinä teet? - What are you doing/making?
  • Katso, mitä minä tein! - Look, what I did/made!
  • Kato, mitä mä tein ! - same in spoken language
  • Mitä te olette tehneet tänään? - What have you done today? 
  • Mitä te ootte tehny tänään? - same in spoken language
  • Tehdään pannukakkua! - Let's make oven pancake!

The four useful verb forms are tehdä, teen, tein and tehnyt.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

About the author of this blog:

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. You can contact me through You can subscribe to this blog from the right-hand banner. 


odart said...

Is there any explanation why tehdä conjugates so exceptionally?

Anonymous said...

It's just one of only a very few irregular verbs in Finnish. I can think of only two others at the moment:
'nähdä' (to see) - näen, näki, nähnyt

'olla' (to be) - olen, oli, ollut (quite regular, actually) BUT!
3rd person present tense is different:
Hän on (not olee), He ovat (not olevat).

kaef said...

Wiktionary groups tehdä with nähdä and says: "The inflectional stem used for some forms replaces the -h- with -ke-, the k being subject to consonant gradation.", which somewhat makes sense of the conjugation.