Friday, December 12, 2014

Finnish participles in a nutshell

I really like participles. In short, they are kind of like verbs turned into adjectives. They behave like any adjective, so you can add case endings, and some of them you can even compare. Participles are really common in written texts. In spoken language, we often replace the participle with a sentence that starts with joka. Some participles are also used in past tense expressions and other slightly complicated structures.

A reading girl
A girl who reads
A girl who read
A girl who has read
A book that has to be read
A book that can be read
A book that will be read
A book that has been read
A book that the girl read
A book that the girl has read
Lukematon kirja
A book that has not been read

About the author of Random Finnish lesson: 

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 


Unknown said...

Hei Hanna,

Firstly, thanks a lot for the blog and for the random Finnish lessons!
Secondly, I need your advise. Today I tried to say to someone that I forgot one thing :'Yks juttu unohdettu" and then as always at home I started to doubt whether it should not have been "unohtanut' or 'unohtu'. I am a bit lost here.

Another thing which is out of the toipic here though, is that I totally do not understand the difference between "parempi" and "paremmin" and misuse them all the time. Could you please give me a link to your topic if you have published such where I can read the examples. Many thanks again!

Hanna said...

Hei Anastasia! You could have said "Yks juttu unohtu(i)." or "Mä unohdin yhden jutun." (They are two different verbs, unohtua and unohtaa.)

'Parempi' is an adjective:

- Tämä kirja on parempi kuin tuo. - This book is better than that.
- hyvä, parempi, paras (good, better, the best)

'Paremmin' is an adverb, expressing style or manner:

- Sinä laulat paremmin kuin minä. You sing better (more well) than me.
- hyvin, paremmin, parhaiten (well, better, the best)

Unknown said...

Kiitos, Hanna!

Sinä olet paras :-)

Anonymous said...

Also, for a more colourful use of language:
lukenut tyttö - an educated (well-read) girl
luettu kirja - a popular (oft-read) book
luettava kirja - an ok (passable, readable) book
lukemattomia kirjoja - many (an untold number of) books

chicklet said...

Hey Hanna!
I've been looking for an explanation like this for some time now.Thank you so much! My question now is, can these endings be used as a general pattern for any random verb, for example "käytää"

Random Finnish Lesson / Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Yes, you can use the pattern for any verbs, such as "käydä" or "käyttää". You can also make do all the work. :)

Unknown said...

Is e.g. vaikeasti noustava mies correct?
:-) Kiitos

Random Finnish Lesson / Hanna Männikkölahti said...

No. What are you trying to say? :)

Unknown said...

Mies, joka nousta vaikeasti sängyltä aamuna. A guy who finds it difficult to get up in the morning.

Random Finnish Lesson / Hanna Männikkölahti said...

Ahaa! :) That would be "Vaikeasti aamulla sängystä nouseva mies", but it doesn't sound very smooth. The Finnish doesn't really express that he finds it difficult, he just gets up difficultly.:)

Anonymous said...

Kiitoksia Hanna. Pidän kovasti sinun sivusta. Haluaisin ymmärtää enemmän partisiipit lukemalla ja harjoittelemalla suomen kielen oppikirjaa. Voisittetko suositella minulle jotain kirjaa? Kiitos