Tuesday, October 29, 2019

A super interesting plural partitive detail

Here's something cool about the plural partitive, or the plural stems in general, but let's not go too deep.

First, the basic words and their meanings:

  • kissa = a cat
  • koira = a dog
  • kala = a fish
  • vessa = a bathroom, a toilet
  • juna = a train

All there words have two syllables and an a in the end. However, the plural partitive is different. MIKSI?

  • kissa > kissoja 
  • koira > koiria
  • kala > kaloja
  • vessa > vessoja
  • juna > junia



The answer is in the first vowel of the word!

If the first vowel is O or U, the ending is IA:


  • koira > koiria
  • juna > junia

also

  • muna (an egg)  > munia 
  • kukka (a flower) > kukkia
  • turha (pointless, useless) > turhia
  • sota (a war) > sotia
  • poika (a boy) > poikia

If the first vowel is A, E or I, the ending is OJA:


  • kissa > kissoja 
  • kala > kaloja
  • vessa > vessoja

also

  • kana (a chicken)  > kanoja
  • sana (a word) > sanoja
  • hella (a stove) > helloja
  • vika (a fault) > vikoja
  • sika (a pig) > sikoja


If you have Finnish friends, ask if they know about this. :)


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About the author of this blog:

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish or novels in easy Finnish.


Lue lisää selkokirjoistani: www.hannamannikkolahti.com

3 comments:

Tommy Quist said...

Is this symmetrical with respects to vowel harmony? That is to say, when the word ends in ä, do inital ö and y lead to iä and initial ä to öjä?

Random Finnish Lesson said...

No, but I like the way you think.:) In two-syllable words ending with ä, the plural partitive is -iä.

päivä (a day) --> päiviä
ännä (a letter n) --> änniä
yskä (a cough) --> yskiä
pöljä (a silly person --> pöljiä
kesä (a summer) --> kesiä
reikä (a hole) --> reikiä
silmä (an eye) --> silmiä

Olli Väisälä said...

Poikkeus: suola -> suoloja (ei suolia:)