Saturday, January 19, 2013

Finnish words ending with 'e'

Terve! This post is about the Finnish words that end with the vowel e. Here are some examples:

  • Kylpyhuoneessa haisee homeelta. - It smells like mold in the bathroom.
  • Sinä et tarvitse uutta tietokonetta. - You don't need a new computer. 
  • Kenen vaatteet nämä ovat? - Whose clothes are these?

The e doubles, partitive has two t's and there is a reverse consonant change: 

  • Nominative osoite: Tämä on mun uusi sähköpostiosoite. - This is my new email address. 
  • Genitive osoitteen: Olen kadottanut sun osoitteen. - I've lost your address. 
  • Partitive osoitetta: Etkö sä tiedä sun omaa osoitetta? - Don't you know your own address?
  • Plural partitive osoitteita: Miksi sinä et ole kirjottanut sun kavereiden osoitteita ylös? - Why haven't you written down your friends' addresses?

Everyday e-words:

These ones have a consonant change - a weak grade in the basic form but strong grade in the stem:

  • taide - art
  • tiede - science
  • osoite - an address
  • lomake - a form
  • esite - a brochure
  • näyte a sample
  • kastike - a sauce
  • tilanne - a situation
  • tavoite - a goal
  • vaate - a piece of clothing

Notice that many e-words derive from a verb:

  • pyyhkiä > pyyhe - to wipe > a towel
  • polttaa > polte - to burn > a burning feeling
  • jättää > jäte - to leave > a waste
  • katsoa > katse - to watch > a look

Kiroillaan! - Let's swear!

The swear words perkele (devil) and perse (ass) also belong to this group. Notice the swearing structure where you have the first swear word(s) in the genitive form:

  • Perkeleen perkele!

Another classic is quite vulgar, but so often used:

  • Tämä on ihan perseestä. - This totally sucks. (You can do the exact translation, right?)

Lue lisää: 

About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new. 

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