Thursday, July 5, 2018

How to say the "ing" form in Finnish

Sometimes people ask me how to say the English -ing form in Finnish. I came up with these examples of reading:

1. Indicative verb form with a partitive object

  • Luen hyvää kirjaa. - I'm reading a good book.

2. MA infinitive (inessive, elative, adessive or abessive)

  • Olin kirjastossa lukemassa. - I was in the library reading. 
  • Milloin tulet lukemasta? - When will you come from reading? 
  • Voit oppia lisää lukemalla. - You can learn more by reading.
  • En voi olla lukematta tätä kirjaa! - I can't be without reading this book!

4. VA participle

  • Kuka tuo kirjaa lukeva mies on? - Who is that man reading a book?
  • Näin jonkun lukevan tuota kirjaa eilen. - I saw someone reading that book yesterday.  You can also say Näin, että joku luki tuota kirjaa eilen. (Here's the referative construction for grammar lovers!)

5. E-infinitive instuctive

  • Lapsi juoksi itkien kotiin. - A child ran home crying.

6. Essive

  • Istuin väsyneenä bussissa. - I sat on the bus feeling tired. 

About the author of Random Finnish Lesson: 

My name is Hanna Männikkölahti. I am a professional Finnish teacher who gives private online lessons and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please read more in and follow this blog, if you want to be the first one to know when I post something new.  

1 comment:

Unknown said...

Minä haluan kysyä sinulta?