Monday, August 21, 2017

How to say "by" in Finnish

Yes, how to say by is a tough question. Sometimes it seems that you can just use by in the middle of a Finnish expression:

I would say that you have four ways to avoid the horrible use of by in the middle of a Finnish text:

Use a genitive:

  • Suomen käsityömuseon järjestämä kansallispukunäytös - A national costume show organized by Craft Museum of Finland

Use a whole sentence: 

Use a colon or parenthesis:

I know that something by someone is a quite popular structure when it comes to Finnish blogs and small business and event names. I wonder how many years it will take and we'll have Uudenvuoden puhe by tasavallan presidentti?

Similar posts:

p.s. If you like my posts, it would be really really nice if you did at least some of these things: 

Friday, August 18, 2017

New podcasts in Mixcloud

Some of you might know that I have a Mixcloud account. I basically just interview people in easy Finnish and try to make them speak a bit more calmly and with simple structures and vocabulary. The latest interviews are with my friend and with my mother. I Hope you'll enjoy listening to us! :)

Click here to listen to Tulkki ja suomen kielen opettaja - An interpreter and a Finnish teacher.

Click here to listen to Käräjätuomari - A judge of district court.

p.s. It would be super nice if you commented something after listening to the podcast! I'm actually trying to persuade real radio people to make a real podcast with me, so it would be useful to have feedback from actual listeners.:)

Thursday, August 17, 2017

Buying a book in Finnish

I have written a post about online shopping in Finnish before. This is a similar post, but focusing on the website where you can buy the easy Finnish edition of Punainen kuin veri, a young adult novel written by Salla Simukka. I have simplified it, and I'm super excited about my new job!

This is the text on the main page of the book:

  • Lisää ostoskoriin. - Add to the basket.
  • Tuotetta lisätty ostoskoriin 1 kpl. - 1 unit of the product has been added to the shopping basket.
  • Siirry koriin. - Go to the basket.

Ostoskori - Shopping basket

  • Email tai asnro - Email or customer number (asiakasnumero)
  • Salasana - Password
  • Rekisteröidy - Register
  • Kirjaudu ja tilaa - Log in and order
  • Tilaan kirjautumatta. - I will order without registering.
  • Henkilöasiakkaana - As an individual customer
  • Yritysasiakkaana - As a business customer
  • Tuote - Product
  • Hinta - Price
  • Lkm. - Amount (lukumäärä)
  • Kirje tai postipaketti - A letter or a package
  • Päivitä  - Update
  • Tyhjennä - Empty
  • Lahjakortti / Kampanjakoodi - Gift card / campaign code (The campaign code for my books is A4XQJV7W5WXD. The code is good until the end of September 2017.)
  • Voit lisätä ostokoriin lahjakortin tai kampanjakoodin kirjoittamalla tunnuksen alla olevaan kenttään ja  painamalla lähetä-painiketta.  - You can add a gift card or a campaign code to the shopping basket by adding the code to the field below and by pressing the Lähetä button.
  • Haluatko ostaa lahjakortin? - Do you want to buy a gift card?
  • Lähetä - Send

Tilauksen käsittely - Handling the order

  • Toimitusosoite - Delivery address
  • Nimi  - Name
  • Osoite - Address
  • Postinumero - Postal code
  • Postitoimiosoite - Town / City
  • Maa - Country
  • Laskutusosoite - Billing address
  • Maksajan osoite on eri kuin toimitusosoite. - The address of the payer is different from the recipient's address.
  • Muut tiedot - Other information
  • Sähköpostiosoite - Email address
  • Puhelinnumero - Phone number
  • Tilauksen lisätiedot - Additional information about the order
  • Jatka - Continue
  • Maksutapa - Way of paying 
  • Lahjapaketointi - Gift wrapping
  • Toimitusehdot - Terms of delivery
  • Mainonta - Advertising
  • Tietojani saa käyttää suoramarkkinointiin. - You can use my information for direct advertising.
  • Siirry maksamaan. - Go to pay.
  • Tilauksen toimitusaika-arvio - Estimated delivery time of the order

p.s. If you are still wondering whether you should get the book or not, here are some sample pages: 

Romaanin henkilöt - Characters of the novel

A map of Tampere to make the reading experience more fun!

A sample from pages 8 and 9.

A sample from pages 56 and 57.

If you liked this post, you might also like my Facebook page and my Instagram account! I'm happy to solve your grammar problems, so feel free to suggest new topics for blog posts. :)

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

How to say 'about' in Finnish

Sometimes Finnish is so easy. The English about is either the the adverb noin or the ending sta / stä, depending on the sentence.

About = noin:

  • Maitopurkki maksaa noin euron. - A carton of milk costs about one euro.
  • Jyväskylästä Tampereelle on noin 150 kilometriä. - It's about 150 km from Jyväskylä to Tampere. 

You can replace noin with suunnilleen, which means approximately. 

  • Maitopurkki maksaa suunnilleen euron. - A carton of milk costs approximately one euro.

However, noin requires some kind of amount. With other words, use suunnilleen:

  • Tämä on suunnilleen näin. - This is approximately like this. 
  • Tämä on suunnilleen oikein. - This is approximately correct.

About = the ending sta or stä:

  • Saanko kysyä jotain Yki-testistä? - May I ask something about the Yki exam? 
  • Voidaanko vähän jutella sun rahankäytöstä? - Can we talk a little about the way you use money?

Other useful links:

p.s. If you like my posts, it would be really really cool if you did at least some of these things: 

Kiitos! :)

Friday, August 11, 2017

Easy things to watch in Finnish

Suomalainen juttu is a program by Selkouutiset. It has short and easy videos and texts about all things Finnish. Here are the themes of the episodes:

  • Loma - A vacation
  • Peruna - A potato
  • Alko - The Finnish liquor store
  • Hissi - An elevator
  • Vesi - Water
  • Kättely - Handshaking

Another fun thing to watch is a children's show called Jari ja Kari. It teaches you (and the kids) to behave properly in different situations. These are the episodes:

  • Juhlat - A party
  • Leija - A kite
  • Taikatemppuja - Magic tricks
  • Musisointia - Playing music
  • Teatteria - Theatre
  • Pukeudutaan - Let's get dressed
  • Välipala - A snack
  • Puhelu - A phone call
  • Uimahallireissu - A trip to the swimming hall
  • Linnunpönttö - A birdhouse

Related posts: 

Jari ja Kari uimassa.

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Words that I don't use

Here's a list of words that I just heard in a radio show. I understand all of them, but I don't think that I would ever use them in my normal speech. I'm a 39 years old woman who has lived in Jyväskylä for the past 20 years, and before that I lived in Seinäjoki, so I don't really speak like the twenty-something young adults from Helsinki. (It's totally OK if someone else does! :)) Do you know what these words mean?

  1. duuni
  2. digata
  3. faija
  4. fiilis
  5. hima
  6. jengi
  7. leveli
  8. mutsi
  9. rela
  10. spessu

Here are the explanations and translations:

  1. duuni = työ - a work
  2. digata = kannustaa, tykätä jostain - to dig
  3. faija = isä - dad
  4. fiilis = tunnelma - a feeling
  5. hima = koti - a home
  6. jengi = ihmiset - the gang, the people
  7. leveli = taso - a level
  8. mutsi = äiti - mom
  9. rela = rento - relaxed
  10. spessu = erikoinen, erityinen - special

If I have no clue what people are saying, I check the words from Urbaani sanakirja. If you are interested in the slang that many people use in Helsinki, you might like Stadin slangi ry page. If you like to listen to podcasts, theses are the ones that I like:

Yle Puhe on paras radiokanava!

Friday, August 4, 2017

Finnish war movies

You must have noticed that the new version of Tuntematon sotilas - The Unknown Soldier will have its premiere on October 27. To prepare for that, you could watch some older Finnish movies about the war and other events in the past. All you need is a Finnish library card and a dvd player, and you can watch all these movies for free. Watching movies is a great way to learn about Finland's history while practicing listening and even reading, if you choose to turn on the Finnish subtitles.

Movies about the Civil War:

Movies about the Winter war:

Movies about the Winter War and the Continuation war:

Movies about the Continuation War:

Movies about the Lapland War:

Books about Finnish history in easy Finnish. The picture is from my Instagram account.

p.s. Did you notice that my first simplification of a Finnish novel is out there? It is called Punainen kuin veri and it is a young adult novel by Salla Simukka. You can order the book online or borrow it from a Finnish library.

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

How to use 'että'

A common challenge with the Finnish että is that students often use it the same way as the English that. That means that you either leave it out when you should use it, use it when you shouldn't, or that you use it when you should use joka instead. In short, it should go like this:

Että as a conjunction:
Don't use että:
Use joka:
Mä tiedän, että sä olet oikeassa. - I know that you are right.
Mun mielestä sä olet oikeassa. - In my opinion, you are right.
Kalle on se mun kaveri, joka on aina oikeassa. - Kalle is that friend of mine who is always right.

More examples with että:

  • Mä tiedän, että sä muutat pian. - I know that you're moving soon.
  • Mä olen sitä mieltä, että tämä on väärin. - I'm of the opinion that this is wrong.
  • Mä ajattelen, että meidän pitäisi mennä. - I think that we should go.
  • Minulle kerrottin, että kokous on peruttu.  - I was told that the meeting is cancelled.
  • kuulin, että pomo on myöhässä. - I heard that the boss is late.
(Notice that sometimes että is left out, for example in song lyrics, but usually it is there.)

Do not use että with these expressions:

Here's when you should use some form of joka instead of että:

  • Minna on se mun kaveri, joka asuu Helsingissä. - Minna is that friend of mine, who lives in Helsinki.
  • Mikko on se mun naapuri, jolla on neljä koiraa. - Mikko is that neighbor of mine who has four dogs.

Notice that joka is different from joku and jokin.

Yes, now that I have something to advertise, I will definitely advertise my easy Finnish books as much as I can.:)

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Finnish studies checklist

It's time to get back to work if you have forgotten your Finnish studies over the summer! See if you can find time to do all these things. Not every day, but at least every week:

p.s. Do you already follow my Facebook page and my Instagram account?  You can also order this blog to your email. If you are using a desktop version, the link is on the right hand banner.

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Finnish local endings

Here's a small table about the local endings. They are really just prepositions at the end of the word. :)

From where?

The verb expresses some kind of movement.

There is no movement in the verb. It is very often just olla, to be. And käydä!
To where?

The verb expresses some kind of movement.

Ota kirja laukusta.

(Take the book from the bag.)

Ending: STA or STÄ
Kirja on laukussa.

(The book is in the bag.)

Ending: SSA or SSÄ
Laita kirja laukkuun.

(Put the book into the bag.)

Ending: double vowel + N (usually)

on top
close by
Ota kirja pöydältä.

(Take the book from the table.)

Ending: LTA or LTÄ
Kirja on pöydällä.

(The book is on the table.)

Ending: LLA or LLÄ
Laita kirja pöydälle.

(Put the book (to) on the table.)

Ending: LLE

Related posts:

If you liked this post, you might also like my Facebook page and my Instagram account! Feel free to suggest new topics for blog posts. I'm happy to solve your grammar problems.:)

Monday, July 17, 2017

Novels in easy Finnish

Here's a post about novels in easy / simplified Finnish. I asked my friend and old student to share her favourite five easy Finnish books. Kiitos, Jenna! :)

1. Ensimmäinen murhani by Leena Lehtolainen, simplified by Leena Kaivosoja-Ukkola, ("...ja kaikki muut Maria Kallio -kirjat - ...and all the other books about Maria Kallio.")

Ensimmäinen murhani - My First Murder

2. Aarresaari by Robert L.Stevenson, simplified by Pertti Rajala ("En ollut lukenut tätä englanniksikaan, ja oli hauska lukea kirja lyhyesti ja selkeästi suomeksi. Seuraavaksi aion lukea Robinson Crusoen ja Maailman ympäri 80 päivässä. - I hadn't read this in English either, and it was fun to read it in short and simple Finnish. Next, I'm going to read Robinson Crusoe and Around the World in 80 Days." )

Aarresaari - Treasure Island

3. Papin perhe by Minna Canth ,simplified by Saraleena Aarnitaival ("Tämän jälkeen haluan lukea enemmän suomalaisia klassikoita. - After this, I want to read more Finnish classics.")

Minna Canth

4. Tatu, Iiris ja pääkallomies by Marja-Leena Tiainen ("Tämä oli helpompi lukea sen jälkeen kun olin lukenut Maria Kallio -kirjat, koska olin jo oppinut paljon sanastoa. - This was easier to read after I had read the Maria Kallio books, because I had already learned a lot of vocabulary.)

Tatu, Iiris ja Pääkallomies - Tatu, Iiris and a Skull Man

5. Sairaalan kellot by Georges Simenon, simplified by Marja-Leena Avela ("Tämä oli hyvä, koska opiskelen sairaanhoitajaksi. Kirja on vanha, mutta siinä oli hyvää sairaalasanastoa. - This was good, because I study to become a nurse. The book is old, but it had good hospital vocabulary.")

Sairaalan kellot - The Bells of Bisetre (sairaala = a hospital)

If you cannot find the books you want in bookstores or libraries, you can reserve them on your local library's website. If you don't know how to do that, you can use these phrases:

The easy Finnish novels are often scattered around in different library sections, so the easiest way to find all of them at once is to write selkokirja in the search box of your library's webpage. I was positively surprised that my library has 336 books in easy Finnish! They even have the books that I haven't sent to my editor yet.:)

Related posts:

p.s. If you liked this post, you might also like my Facebook page and my Instagram account.

Mitä sinä aiot lukea seuraavaksi? - What are you going to read next?