Monday, October 23, 2017

Mitä uutta? What's new?

Here's a small post about my books and courses that are available right now:

Novels that I've simplified into easy Finnish:


You can borrow my books from the library. If you want to buy them, www.booky.fi is definitely the cheapest online store. If you're going to Helsinki Book Fair, they are proabably cheaper there.  I'm currently working on simplifying two novels for adults, two for kids and a comic book.

Available courses:


I also have a podcast channel where I aim to speak easy Finnish, but I probably end up speaking a bit too fast anyway. I'm either interviewing people about their job or hobbies, or reading aloud easy Finnish novels. My dream is to have a real podcast with famous people speaking easy Finnish, but I'm not quite there yet.:)

This is my intagram account. If you want to discuss easy Finnish books with other readers, you can join this Facebook book club hosted by my Facebook page.

Finally, here's my website about the private lessons. It says that I cannot take any new students right now, but I actually can, if you are ok with studying on Mondays or Tuesdays between 9.00 and 15.00. Other times might me negotiable, too.

p.s Muista käyttää heijastinta! Remember to wear a reflector!



Thursday, October 19, 2017

When to use the different verb stems?

This post is quite long, but it's about verb stems. When talking about verbs, we often talk about the basic form, and then there's the stem after which you add the different markers and endings. (I also like to talk about the four important forms, but that's another post.)

Only one stem: Verb types 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and verb type 1 verbs without the consonant change.

The stem is easiest to figure out by making the 1st person singular (minä) form, and dropping the n:

  • ASUA, to live: Minä asun. He asuvat. > The stem is ASU-.
  • SYÖDÄ, to eat: Minä syön. He syövät. > The stem is SYÖ-.
  • OPISKELLA, to study: Minä opiskelen. He opiskelevat. > The stem is OPISKELE-.
  • AJATELLA, to think: Minä ajattelen. He ajattelevat > The stem is AJATTELE-
  • PELATA, to play: Minä pelaan. He pelaavat. > The stem is PELAA-.
  • TYKÄTÄ, to like: Minä tykkään. Sinä tykkäät. > The stem is TYKKÄÄ-.
  • VALITA, to choose: Minä valitsen. He valitsevat. > The stem is VALITSE-.
  • VANHETA, to become older: Minä vanhenen. Sinä vanhenet. > The stem is VANHENE-.
  • LÄMMETÄ, to become warmer: Minä lämpenen. Sinä lämpenet. > The stem is LÄMPENE-

Two stems: Verb type 1 verbs with the consonant change.

The (weak) stem is easiest to figure out by making the 1st person singular (minä) form, and dropping the n. The strong stem is easiest to make from the third person plural (he) and dropping the vat or vat ending.


  • LUKEA, to read: Minä luen. He lukevat. > The weak stem is LUE-, and he strong stem is LUKE-.
  • NUKKUA, to sleep: Minä nukun. He nukkuvat. > The weak stem is NUKU-, and the strong stem is NUKKU-.

Here's when you need the strong stem, in case it's the verb type 1 verb. If not, just use the only stem that the verb has before adding the markers and endings.  

1. Third persons in verb type 1, if the verb has a consonant change:
  • Hän lukee. - He reads. 
  • He lukevat. - They read

2. Conditional:
  • Lukisin enemmän, jos minulla olisi aikaa. - I would read more if I had time.

3. MA-infinitive:


  • Olin koko päivän rannalla lukemassa. - I spent the whole day reading on the beach.
  • Menen kirjastoon lukemaan. - I'm going to the library to read.
  • Mihin aikaan sinä tulet lukemasta? - At what time will you come from reading?
  • En voinut olla lukematta tätä. - I could not be without reading this.
  • Opiskelen ruotsia lukemalla ruotsinkielisiä blogeja. - I'm studying Swedish through reading blogs in Swedish.

4. Agent participle:
  • Onko tämä sinun kirjoittama? - Is this written by you?

Use the weak stem in following structures: 

  • Minä en lue. - I don't read. 

2. Imperative:
  • Lue! - Read!

3. Verb type 1 passive:
  • Luetaan! - Let's read!

Start form the basic form when making these structures: 

  • Lukekaa! - Read! (for many people)
  • Ajatelkaa! - Think! (for many people)

2. Passive
  • Suomessa syödään ruisleipää! - In Finlanf, people eat rye bread.
  • Opiskellaan! - Let's study.
  • Pakataan! - Let's pack. 
  • Mitä me tarvitaan? - What do we need? (spoken language)

3. Past participle active:
  • Minä en lukenut tätä eilen. - I didn't read this yesterday. 
  • Mitä sinä olet tehnyt? - What have you done?
  • Tulin tänne oppiakseni Suomea. - I came here to learn Finnish. 
  • Istuin junassa kirjaa lukien. - I sat on the train reading a book. 

p.s. Are you interested in books in easy Finnish? Welcome to Selkokirjalukupiiri! :)

Saturday, October 14, 2017

What to watch in Yle Areena

It's been a while since I recommended tv shows to watch in Finnish.

Here are three Yle Areena shows that are also available abroad:


If you are watching Yle Areena in Finland, you have to check out Sohvaperunat. Finnish people watching tv together with their friends and family. What could be better entertainment? :)

Sohvaperunat. Sohva = a sofa / a couch, Peruna = a potato

p.s. You can also order my blog to your email. Type your email to where it says "Read my posts in your email"  in the right hand banner.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Choosing the perfect easy Finnish book

Would you like to read a book in easy Finnish, but you don't know which book would be good for you right now? Here's a handy flowchart that I just created:



You can take a look at the sample pages in Selkokeskus website. Booky.fi is another good online bookstore, and they also ship abroad.

Related posts:



Selkokirjoja. Books in easy Finnish.


Thursday, September 28, 2017

Finnish words with a lot of ö's

It's time for a fun list!

Do you know the meaning of this ö-words?

  1. dödö
  2. hölmö
  3. Höpö höpö!
  4. kökkö
  5. löllö
  6. mömmö
  7. mörkö
  8. nössö
  9. pöllö
  10. pönttö
  11. pöpö
  12. söpö
  13. tönö

Here are the translations:

  1. dödö - a colloquial word for deodorantti
  2. hölmö - a fool
  3. Höpö höpö! - Just kidding!
  4. kökkö - bad or tasteless as in kökköenglanti or kökkö elokuva
  5. löllö - wobbly as in löllö käsivarsi, a wobbly arm
  6. mömmö - goo as in Mitä tämä vihreä mömmö on? What's this green goo?
  7. mörkö - a boogeyman, or this scary Moomin character
  8. nössö - a wimp, a sissy
  9. pöllö - an owl
  10. pönttö - a toilet bowl, a large can, or a dumb person
  11. pöpö - a children's word for bakteeri
  12. söpö - cute
  13. tönö - a shack
Söpö pöllö.

Here are some other lists on this blog:


p.s. Check out my simplification of a Finnish novel!

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

nämä - nuo - ne

Who doesn't love Finnish demonstrative pronouns? I already have posts about the singular demonstrative pronouns:


This post is about the plural demonstrative pronouns nämä, nuo and ne - these, those and they.

Here's a little table with nämä, nuo and ne in nominative, partitive, genitive and local cases. I've noticed that very often students use nuo when they should use ne


nämä
nuo
ne
näitä
noita
niitä
näiden
noiden
niiden
näissä
noissa
niissä
näistä
noista
niistä
näihin
noihin
niihin
näillä
noilla
niillä
näiltä
noilta
niiltä
näille
noille
niille


Nämä - These

  • Keneltä sä sait nämä? - From whom did you get these?
  • Mitä sä teet näillä? - What do you do with these?
  • Mitä sä laitat näihin? - What will you put into these?

Nuo - Those (that you can point at)

  • Mitä noissa laatikoissa on? - What's in those boxes?
  • Mä en kestä noita! - I cannot stand those guys.
  • Mä käyn sanomassa noille, että me tullaan pian. - I'm going to go and tell those guys that we're coming soon.

Ne - They, the, them or those (that you cannot see right now, or that are close to the person you are talking to) In colloquial Finnish, we often say ne instead of he.

  • juttelin niiden kanssa eilen. - I spoke with them yesterday. 
  • Kysytään niiltä! - Let's ask them!
  • Mitä sä teet niille vanhoille sukille? - What will you do to those/the old socks?

Monday, September 25, 2017

Ylimmän tason puhumisen kurssi Skypessä

Oletko menossa ylimmän tason Yki-testiin 11. marraskuuta tai joskus myöhemmin? Haluaisitko harjoitella puhumisen osakoetta pienessä ryhmässä?


Perustietoa kurssista:


  • Neljänä maanantai-iltana klo 20.30 - 21.15.
  • Neljä 45 minuutin tapaamista Skypessä.
  • Ryhmässä on neljä opiskelijaa ja opettaja.
  • Opettaja kirjoittaa keskustelun aikana muistiinpanoja ja jakaa ne Google Docsin kautta.
  • Hinta 50 € per opiskelija (sisältää 24 % arvonlisäveron).


Päivämäärä
Päivän teema:
Maanantai 9.10.2017
Kertominen
Maanantai 23.10.2017
Tilanteet
Maanantai 30.10.2017
Mielipide
Maanantai 6.11.2017
Haastattelu




Ilmoittaudu kurssille: hanna.mannikkolahti@gmail.com.
Kurssilla on vielä kolme vapaata paikkaa.

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Talking about different groups in Finnish

Do you know the difference between these words that mean some kind of a group in Finnish?

  1. jengi: Kiva, kun jengi diggaa!
  2. joukkue: Meidän joukkue oli paras!
  3. porukka: Mikä porukka te oikein olette?
  4. ryhmä: Meidän ryhmä voi aloittaa.
  5. tiimi: Kuinka monta koodaajaa teidän tiimissä on?

Here are the definitions:

  1. jengi - a gang. Jengi can be a criminal gang, but it can also be a group of friends or fans.
  2. joukkue  - a (sports) team
  3. porukka - a group of people, often used in spoken language. In some dialect, porukat means parents.
  4. ryhmä - a group, can be people or things.
  5. tiimi - a team, often at work. A loan word from the English team.

Here are the translations:

  1. Kiva, kun jengi diggaa! - It's nice that people like (me)!
  2. Meidän joukkue oli paras! - Our team was the best!
  3. Mikä porukka te oikein olette? - What (kind of a) group are you?
  4. Meidän ryhmä voi aloittaa. - Our group can start.
  5. Kuinka monta koodaajaa teidän tiimissä on? - How many coders do you have in your team?

Ryhmä Hau. Hau is what a dog says in Finnish.

p.s. Haluatko harjoitella puhumista pienessä ryhmässä? Keskitason puhumisen kurssilla on vielä kaksi paikkaa vapaana. 

Friday, September 22, 2017

Keskitason kirjoituskurssi - An intermediate writing course

Oletko menossa keskitason Yki-testiin tammikuun 27. päivä?
Haluaisitko saada palautetta teksteistäsi ja oppia myös toisten opiskelijoiden teksteistä? Osallistu kirjoittamisen minikurssille! 

Kurssin aikana opiskelijat kirjoittavat viisi tekstiä ja saavat niistä palautetta yhteisen Google-dokumentin kautta. Kirjoitettavia tekstejä on yksi viikossa, ja kaikki näkevät kaikkien tekstit ja opettajan kommentit. Emme tapaa toisiamme kurssin aikana, mutta voimme keskustella kirjoittamalla Google Docsissa. Kurssin hinta on 50 €. 

Kurssin aikataulu: 

  • Ensimmäisen tekstin palautus 12.11. mennessä
  • Toisen tekstin palautus 19.11. mennessä
  • Kolmannen tekstin palautus 26.11. mennessä
  • Neljännen tekstin palautus 3.12. mennessä
  • Viidennen tekstin palautus 10.12. mennessä

Lähetä sähköpostia osoitteeseen hanna.mannikkolahti@gmail.com, jos haluat tilata kurssimateriaalin ja ilmoittautua kurssille.

Suosittelen lämpimästi Harjoitus tekee mestarin 4 -kirjaa. Kirjan lopussa on hyviä kirjoittamisen tehtäviä ja mallitekstejä. 

p.s. Jos haluat tehdä kirjoittamisen kurssin omassa tahdissasi etkä halua näyttää tekstejäsi muille, se on myös mahdollista. Kurssin voi aloittaa milloin tahansa.

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Booking a library book online in Finnish

Onko sinulla kirjastokortti? - Do you have a library card?

If not, go to the nearest library and get one! For online booking, you probably also need a code number that you can get from the librarians.

Varata is to book or to reserve, and varaa is the imperative form of the verb. Once you have found the book that you want, click varaa. Depending on the online booking system, you might have to click saatavuus (availability) before you can see the varaa button.


After that, choose the library from where you want to pick up the book. (I just had to check the English translation of noutopaikka, and according to my library's website, it's a pick-up branch.) Remember to click tallenna varaus, which means save the reservation


Reserving books and dvds is free, but if you don't pick up what you have reserved, you have to pay 2 euros, at least in Central Finland. You'll get a text message when the book is available in your chosen library, and you can go and pick it up from the bookshelf where they collect all the reserved items. The bookshelf is also a fun place to see which books and dvd's people want to borrow! 

Related posts: 


Selkokirjoja. Books in easy Finnish.
Notice that the easy Finnish books are often placed in three different sections in the librabry: children's books, young adult books and adult books. Ask the librarians for help!

Monday, September 18, 2017

When things are not quite right in Finnish

Here's a list of expressions that you can use when things (or quite often clothes) are not the correct way. First, see if you have heard these ones before:

  1. nurinkurin
  2. päinvastoin 
  3. sikin sokin
  4. takaperin
  5. toisin päin 
  6. väärin päin 
  7. ylösalaisin 

Here are the translations in sentences. Notice that the correct spelling of these expressions is tricky for native Finns as well. Sometimes both forms are correct.

  1. Sun paita on nurinkurin.  - Your shirt is inside out.
  2. tarkoitin päinvastoin. - I meant the the opposite way.
  3. Sun huone on ihan sikin sokin! - Your room is a mess! (You can also say mullin mallin, hyrskyn myrskyn or hujan hajan!)
  4. Sun paita on takaperin. - Your shirt is backwards.
  5. Laita ne kengät toisin päin - Put the shoes the other way round.
  6. kirjoitit tämän d-kirjaimen väärin päin. - You wrote this letter d the wrong way.
  7. Käännä se kakku ylösalaisin. - Turn the cake upside down.

Related post:


Are you looking for something to read in easy Finnish? Or are you looking for a fun gift for a friend who is studying Finnish? Check out my first simplification, Salla Simukka's Punainen kuin veri. You can also follow my Facebook page or follow me on Instagram.


Kirjoja sikin sokin!


p.s. If you are going to take the Yki test in november, you might be interested in my Yki courses:



Monday, August 21, 2017

How to say "by" in Finnish


Yes, how to say by is a tough question. Sometimes it seems that you can just use by in the middle of a Finnish expression:


I would say that you have four ways to avoid the horrible use of by in the middle of a Finnish text:

Use a genitive:



  • Suomen käsityömuseon järjestämä kansallispukunäytös - A national costume show organized by Craft Museum of Finland

Use a whole sentence: 


Use a colon or parenthesis:


I know that something by someone is a quite popular structure when it comes to Finnish blogs and small business and event names. I wonder how many years it will take and we'll have Uudenvuoden puhe by tasavallan presidentti?

Similar posts:


p.s. If you like my posts, it would be really really nice if you did at least some of these things: 


Friday, August 18, 2017

New podcasts in Mixcloud

Some of you might know that I have a Mixcloud account. I basically just interview people in easy Finnish and try to make them speak a bit more calmly and with simple structures and vocabulary. The latest interviews are with my friend and with my mother. I Hope you'll enjoy listening to us! :)

Click here to listen to Tulkki ja suomen kielen opettaja - An interpreter and a Finnish teacher.

Click here to listen to Käräjätuomari - A judge of district court.

p.s. It would be super nice if you commented something after listening to the podcast! I'm actually trying to persuade real radio people to make a real podcast with me, so it would be useful to have feedback from actual listeners.:)


Thursday, August 17, 2017

Buying a book in Finnish

I have written a post about online shopping in Finnish before. This is a similar post, but focusing on the website where you can buy the easy Finnish edition of Punainen kuin veri, a young adult novel written by Salla Simukka. I have simplified it, and I'm super excited about my new job!

This is the text on the main page of the book:

  • Lisää ostoskoriin. - Add to the basket.
  • Tuotetta lisätty ostoskoriin 1 kpl. - 1 unit of the product has been added to the shopping basket.
  • Siirry koriin. - Go to the basket.



Ostoskori - Shopping basket

  • Email tai asnro - Email or customer number (asiakasnumero)
  • Salasana - Password
  • Rekisteröidy - Register
  • Kirjaudu ja tilaa - Log in and order
  • Tilaan kirjautumatta. - I will order without registering.
  • Henkilöasiakkaana - As an individual customer
  • Yritysasiakkaana - As a business customer
  • Tuote - Product
  • Hinta - Price
  • Lkm. - Amount (lukumäärä)
  • Kirje tai postipaketti - A letter or a package
  • Päivitä  - Update
  • Tyhjennä - Empty
  • Lahjakortti / Kampanjakoodi - Gift card / campaign code (The campaign code for my books is A4XQJV7W5WXD. The code is good until the end of September 2017.)
  • Voit lisätä ostokoriin lahjakortin tai kampanjakoodin kirjoittamalla tunnuksen alla olevaan kenttään ja  painamalla lähetä-painiketta.  - You can add a gift card or a campaign code to the shopping basket by adding the code to the field below and by pressing the Lähetä button.
  • Haluatko ostaa lahjakortin? - Do you want to buy a gift card?
  • Lähetä - Send

Tilauksen käsittely - Handling the order

  • Toimitusosoite - Delivery address
  • Nimi  - Name
  • Osoite - Address
  • Postinumero - Postal code
  • Postitoimiosoite - Town / City
  • Maa - Country
  • Laskutusosoite - Billing address
  • Maksajan osoite on eri kuin toimitusosoite. - The address of the payer is different from the recipient's address.
  • Muut tiedot - Other information
  • Sähköpostiosoite - Email address
  • Puhelinnumero - Phone number
  • Tilauksen lisätiedot - Additional information about the order
  • Jatka - Continue
  • Maksutapa - Way of paying 
  • Lahjapaketointi - Gift wrapping
  • Toimitusehdot - Terms of delivery
  • Mainonta - Advertising
  • Tietojani saa käyttää suoramarkkinointiin. - You can use my information for direct advertising.
  • Siirry maksamaan. - Go to pay.
  • Tilauksen toimitusaika-arvio - Estimated delivery time of the order

p.s. If you are still wondering whether you should get the book or not, here are some sample pages: 


Romaanin henkilöt - Characters of the novel

A map of Tampere to make the reading experience more fun!

A sample from pages 8 and 9.

A sample from pages 56 and 57.

If you liked this post, you might also like my Facebook page and my Instagram account! I'm happy to solve your grammar problems, so feel free to suggest new topics for blog posts. :)