Sunday, December 31, 2017

Selkosunnuntai - Easy Finnish Sunday

Hei vaan kaikille blogin lukijoille!

Olen nyt kirjoittanut tätä blogia
viisi ja puoli vuotta.
Aion jatkaa kirjoittamista myös jatkossa,
mutta ajattelin,
että aloittaisin uuden vuoden kunniaksi
jotain uutta.

Julkaisen tästä lähtien joka sunnuntai
blogipostauksen selkokielellä.
Katsotaan, kuinka kauan
muistan tehdä niin! :)

Olisi tosi mukavaa,
jos te blogin lukijat ehdottaisitte minulle aiheita,
joista te haluatte lukea.
Voin kirjoittaa melkein mistä vain,
mutta minulle on tärkeää,
että siitä on lukijoille
huvia tai hyötyä.

Jos joku haluaa itse harjoitella kirjoittamista,
sekin sopii oikein hyvin.
Minä olen erityisen kiinnostunut siitä,
millaisia haasteita (isoja tai pieniä)
blogini lukijoilla on ollut
suomen kielen,
suomalaisten 
tai Suomessa asumisen kanssa
ja kuinka he ovat
selvinneet haasteistaan.

Voit lähettää minulle tekstisi,
jos minä saan muokata sitä
ja julkaista sen tässä blogissa.
Voit kirjoittaa omalla nimelläsi
tai anonyymina.

Luulen, että tulen kirjoittamaan aika paljon
selkokirjoista ja suomalaisista elokuvista ja tv-sarjoista,
joita kannattaa katsoa.
Yritän myös löytää mielenkiintoisia henkilöitä,
joita voisin haastatella.

Oikein hyvää uutta vuotta kaikille!


Näistä kirjoista kolme on jo ilmestynyt ja tuo Musta kuin eebenpuu ilmestyy vuonna 2018.

Voit lukea tästä lisää selkokieleen liittyviä blogipostauksiani.

Saturday, December 30, 2017

January's book in Easy Finnish Book Club: Ne lensivät tästä yli

Do you remember Selkokirjalukupiiri, the Easy Finnish Book Club? January's novel is Sanna-Leena Knuuttila's Ne lensivät tästä yli. It is a fictional diary of a young woman during the Winter War 1939 - 1940, and it's written in relatively easy Finnish. The cover of the book looks like this:


Because of the topic and the time period, the vocabulary in Ne lensivät tästä yli is a bit more challenging than in an average easy Finnish novel. Here's a list of words that I have taken from the book. How many of these are new to you?

  1. ase
  2. armeija
  3. eläinten ruokkiminen
  4. este
  5. evakko
  6. haavoittua
  7. hautajaiset
  8. heinälato
  9. hengissä
  10. hyökkäys
  11. häviö
  12. ilmahälytys
  13. ilta-askareet
  14. juoksuhauta
  15. kamari
  16. kamiina
  17. Kansanhuolto
  18. keinutuoli
  19. kertausharjoitus
  20. kevätkylvö
  21. kirkonkylä
  22. kotirintama
  23. korsu
  24. korppu
  25. kuolema
  26. leipomistalkoot
  27. liipaisin
  28. linnoitustyö
  29. lotta
  30. luoti
  31. lude, lutikka
  32. lypsyjakkara
  33. meijeri
  34. määräys
  35. mylly
  36. navetta
  37. Neuvostoliitto
  38. ostokortti
  39. panssarivaunu
  40. puolustuslinja
  41. piikkilanka
  42. pommikone
  43. pommittaa
  44. puolustaa
  45. raja
  46. rauha
  47. reki
  48. rintama
  49. ruumisarkku
  50. sankarihautausmaa
  51. seurantalo
  52. sirpalesuoja
  53. sota
  54. sotavalaistus
  55. sotilas
  56. suitset
  57. sukankudin
  58. sukupolvi
  59. suojeluskunta
  60. suruliputus
  61. taistelu
  62. talikko
  63. talli
  64. tappio
  65. täi
  66. vallata
  67. velvollisuus
  68. vihollinen
  69. viljellä

Translations after my easy Finnish novels ad:

Yes, now that I have several easy Finnish novels to advertise, I try to do that in all my posts.:)
If you live in Finland, you can also get the books from the library.

  1. ase - a weapon
  2. armeija - an army
  3. eläinten ruokkiminen - feeding the animals
  4. este - a barrier, an obstacle
  5. evakko - an evacuee
  6. haavoittua - to be wounded, to be injured
  7. hautajaiset - a funeral
  8. heinälato - a hay barn
  9. hengissä - alive
  10. hyökkäys - an attack, an offensive
  11. häviö - a defeat
  12. ilmahälytys - an air alert
  13. ilta-askareet - evening chores
  14. juoksuhauta - a trench (direct translation would be a running grave)
  15. kamari - a chamber, a room
  16. kamiina - a stove
  17. Kansanhuolto - An activity organized by the state in order to take care of people during the difficult times
  18. keinutuoli - a rocking chair
  19. kertausharjoitus - a military refresher practice
  20. kevätkylvö - spring planting
  21. kirkonkylä - a village centre
  22. kotirintama - home front
  23. korsu - a dugout, an earth lodge
  24. korppu - a cracker, dried piece of bread or a bun
  25. kuolema - a death
  26. leipomistalkoot - a baking event for a good cause
  27. liipaisin - a trigger
  28. linnoitustyö - building a fortification
  29. lotta - a woman belonging to a Lotta Svärd organisation
  30. luoti - a bullet
  31. lude, lutikka - a bedbug
  32. lypsyjakkara - a milking stool
  33. meijeri - a dairy, a milk processing plant
  34. määräys - an order
  35. mylly - a mill
  36. navetta - a cowshed
  37. Neuvostoliitto - Soviet Union
  38. ostokortti - a ration stamp card
  39. panssarivaunu - a tank
  40. puolustuslinja - a defense line
  41. piikkilanka - barbed wire
  42. pommikone - a bomber
  43. pommittaa - to bomb
  44. puolustaa - to defend
  45. raja - a border
  46. rauha - peace
  47. reki - a sleigh
  48. rintama - a battlefront
  49. ruumisarkku - a casket, a coffin
  50. sankarihautausmaa - a soldier graveyard
  51. seurantalo - a people's house, a community hall
  52. sirpalesuoja - a shrapnel shield
  53. sota - a war
  54. sotavalaistus - the war lightning
  55. sotilas - a soldier
  56. suitset - a bridle, a rein, a part of a horse's harness
  57. sukankudin - a sock knitting (five knitting needles and a ball of yarn)
  58. sukupolvi - a generation
  59. suojeluskunta - Finnish White Guard
  60. suruliputus - the act of flying flags half-staff
  61. taistelu - a battle
  62. talikko - a digging fork
  63. talli - a horse stable, a stall for horses
  64. tappio - a defeat, a loss
  65. täi - a louse
  66. vallata - to occupy
  67. velvollisuus - a responsibility
  68. vihollinen - an enemy
  69. viljellä - to harvest

Related posts: 


Wednesday, December 20, 2017

Finnish words with letters e and ä

Here's a post especially for all my Hungarian readers. I have collected words that have the letters e and ä, since the sounds seem to be a bit challenging to separate from each other. Notice that you can pronounce those vowels with the same lip position, but it is the middle of your tongue that does the work. Push it down in ä and lift it up a little in e. My next podcast will be reading these aloud with my son.:)

  1. ei enää
  2. eläin
  3. eläke
  4. eläkeläinen
  5. elämä
  6. elää
  7. enemmän
  8. epäselvä 
  9. etelä
  10. evät
  11. eväät
  12. hedelmä
  13. helle
  14. hellä
  15. hereillä
  16. herättää
  17. herätä
  18. hävetä
  19. jähmeä
  20. kekäle 
  21. kerätä
  22. kesä
  23. kevyt
  24. kevät
  25. keväällä
  26. kätevä
  27. kävellä
  28. käärme
  29. lehmä
  30. lehti
  31. lempeä
  32. leski
  33. lähti
  34. läski
  35. levätä
  36. leveä
  37. mehiläinen
  38. mennä
  39. neljä
  40. nenä
  41. näet
  42. pehmeä
  43. pelätä
  44. pestä
  45. revetä
  46. säestää
  47. selkeä
  48. selkä
  49. selvä
  50. säästää
  51. terävä
  52. tärkeä
  53. veli
  54. väli
  55. väkevä
  56. Älä!
Translations after this ad:

"Read a book in easy Finnish. It will help you learn more Finnish."


  1. ei enää - not anymore
  2. eläin - an animal
  3. eläke - pension
  4. eläkeläinen - a retaired person
  5. elämä - life
  6. elää - to live
  7. enemmän - more
  8. epäselvä - unclear
  9. etelä - south
  10. evät - fins (the thingies that fish have)
  11. eväät - snacks, packed lunch
  12. hedelmä - a fruit
  13. helle - a heat wave, very warm weather
  14. hellä - tender, sensible
  15. hereillä - awake
  16. herättää to wake someone else up
  17. herätä - to wake up
  18. hävetä - to be ashamed
  19. jähmeä - stiff, solid
  20. kekäle - an ember
  21. kerätä - to collect
  22. kesä - summer
  23. kevyt - light
  24. kevät - spring
  25. keväällä - in the spring
  26. kätevä - handy
  27. kävellä - to walk
  28. käärme - a snake
  29. lehmä - a cow
  30. lehti - a leaf, a magazine, a newspaper
  31. lempeä - lenient, mild, gentle
  32. leski - a widow
  33. lähti - (he/she) left
  34. levätä - to rest
  35. leveä - wide, broad
  36. läski - fat, a fat person
  37. mehiläinen - a honey bee
  38. mennä - to go
  39. neljä - four
  40. nenä - a nose
  41. näet - you see
  42. pehmeä - soft
  43. pelätä - to be afraid
  44. pestä - to wash
  45. revetä - to tear, to rip
  46. säestää - to accompany (in music)
  47. selkeä - clear, sunny
  48. selkä - a back
  49. selvä - clear, sober, solved
  50. säästää - to save, to spare
  51. terävä - sharp
  52. tärkeä - important
  53. veli - a brother
  54. väli - a space in between
  55. väkevä - strong in taste
  56. Älä! - Don't!

Available courses:


Tuesday, December 19, 2017

Women's weekend in Finnish at the Varala Sports Institute in Tampere

Are you looking for something fun to do next spring? If you are a woman and you can already speak some Finnish, this one is for you:

I will organize a women's weekend in Finnish at the Varala Sports Institute in Tampere in April 27 - 29. There won't be any official Finnish lessons, but everything will be in Finnish, and I will be there to help the participants with their language. Professional sports instructors will conduct the sporty part of the programme, but I will participate in the same activities as you. We will eat and excercise well, and also have some free time in Tampere. For Saturday night, I have booked a sauna by the lake. Native Finnish speakers can also sign up for the weekend.

(Click on the top right corner to make the programme bigger.)



Send me an email (hanna.mannikkolahti@gmail.com) if you want to sign up or if you have any questions about the women's weekend. I have booked places for eight ladies, and I still have four places left.


Thursday, December 14, 2017

Fascinating essive

I haven't really written anything about the essive case, because this excellent web page already exists. However, here are more sentences where the word in essive answers the questions How? and In what way?

  • Katsoin uutisia huolestuneena. - I watched the news feeling worried.
  • Istuin väsyneenä bussissa. - I sat on the bus feeling tired. 
  • En voinut mennä kouluun sairaana. - I couldn't go to school ill.
  • Soitin surullisena äidille. - I called mom and I was sad. 
  • Lähdin vihaisena kuntosalille. - I went (left) to the gym in an angry mood.
  • Tulin virkistyneenä kotiin. - I came home refreshed.

Ylpeänä esittelen tämän vuoden selkokirjojani!
I'm proudly presenting my this year's easy Finnish novels!
 (Osta vaikka kaverille joululahjaksi.)

Notice the difference between the adverb (often a word ending with sti) and the essive form of the adjective:
  • "Hei", hän sanoi iloisena. - "Hei", she said happily. (She was happy.)
  • "Hei", hän sanoi iloisesti. - "Hei", she said happily. (In a happy manner, in a happy tone of voice.)
  • Hän tanssi tyylikkäänä. - He danced dressed stylishly. (The person was stylish.)
  • Hän tanssi tyylikkäästi. - He danced stylishly. (The dancing was stylish.)

Kiehtovaa, eikö olekin? - Fascinating, isn't it?

p.s. Tervetuloa lukupiiriin! Welcome to the bok club!

"Reading is fun when it's easy!
www.privatefinnishlessons.com/books

............................

About the author of this blog:  


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish.

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Being a fan in Finnish (and a list of Antti Holma links)

Ketä suomalaista artistia sinä seuraat?  - Which Finnish artist do you follow? 

I often advice my students that they should find a Finnish artist that they really really like, and then try to listen and read everything about him or her, and also follow the person in social media. Antti Holma is definitely one of my favourite Finnish actors and media personalities. If you like him too, you might enjoy the following list. If not, you can find similar information about some other Finn.

Lue ensin selkokirja, niin opit lisää suomea. Sitten voit lukea Antti Holman Järjestäjän.:)

Monday, December 11, 2017

Useful video clips in Finnish

If you don't know Yle's Asiointisuomea yet, you should definitely check it out. You can watch video clips in different situtations and also read the scripts. Asioida means to run errands, so asiointi is running errands. These are the topics of the videos:

  • Kahvilassa ja ravintolassa - In a cafe and at a restaurant
  • Kuntosalilla - At the gym
  • Kirjastossa - In the library
  • Pankissa ja vakuutusyhtiössä - In the bank and at the insurance company
  • Vaatekaupassa - In a clothes store
  • Ruokakaupassa - In a grocery store
  • Onnettomuustilanteessa - In the event of an accident
  • Lääkärissä - At the doctor's
  • Puhelinoperaattorin liikkeessä - In a teleoperator store

Related posts:


"Read a book in easy Finnish. It will help you learn more Finnish."


Thursday, December 7, 2017

Mitä uutta joulukuussa? What's new in December?

Here's a post about my books and courses that are available right now. The newest thing is that my third simplification will be out in just a couple of days! Heinähattu, Vilttitossu ja ärhäkkä koululainen is a children's novel, and you can already preorder it in www.booky.fi. I will definitely show the book in my Instagram once I have it, so you cannot miss it. :)

Novels that have been published earlier this year:


"Read a book in easy Finnish. It helps you learn more Finnish."

Available courses:


Podcast:

I also have a podcast channel where my goal is to speak easy Finnish. I'm either interviewing people about their job or hobbies, or just talking by myself.

Book club:

If you want to discuss easy Finnish books with other readers, you can join this Facebook book club hosted by my Facebook page. Right now, we are reading a story called Kauno ja Sutki. Of course, there is also a Memrise course so that you don't have to struggle alone with the new vocabulary.

Private lessons:

Here's my website about the private lessons. It says that I cannot take any new students right now, but I actually can, if you are ok with studying on Mondays or Tuesdays between 9.00 and 15.00. Other times might be negotiable, too, and you can always suggest topics and schedules for group courses.

Boot camp in Tampere:

Finally, if you have read this far, you might be excited to hear that on April 27-29 in 2018,  I will have a weekend course in Finnish at the Varala Sports Institute in Tampere! There won't be any lectures or grammar workshops, but the idea is that we will have a relaxing weekend speaking Finnish and participating in a couple of sports classes that I have chosen and professional sports people will teach. I am always willing to teach and talk about the details of Finnish grammar, but I won't be waking anybody up at 6 o'clock in the morning to conjugate verbs. I will soon have a real ad about the weekend, but send me an email (hanna.mannikkolahti@gmail.com) if you want to know more about the weekend already now. I have booked rooms for 10 ladies.

Monday, December 4, 2017

How to pay attention in Finnish

Here's a small post about paying attention to something in Finnish, kiinnittää huomiota. Kiinni is closed or shut. Kiinnittää is to attach. Huomio is attention. The case government follows the same logic as English, so you should have the adverbial in illative.


p.s. Here is a very good list about the case governments. The website is called Uusi kielemme - Finnish for busy people.

Oletko vielä ostanut joululahjoja? Tässä postauksessa on muutamia ideoita: http://randomfinnishlesson.blogspot.fi/2017/11/lahjaideoita-gift-ideas.html

Monday, November 27, 2017

Selkokirjalukupiiri - An easy Finnish book club

Oletko koskaan lukenut selkokirjaa? Have you ever read a novel or a non-fiction book in easy Finnish? It is a really effective way to study a language, and I dare to say that reading a novel is more fun than reading a text book.

As I've mentioned before, I have simplified two novels: Salla Simukka's Punainen kuin veri and Valkea kuin lumi.  A children's novel by Sinikka and Tiina Nopola, Heinähattu, Vilttitossu ja ärhäkkä koululainen, is being printed as we speak. Two more novels are waiting for the editor's comments, but they are already in my publisher's brochure, on pages 24 and 25. :)  Here are all the posts that I have about easy Finnish.

If you want to read easy Finnish novels with other readers, do join Selkokirjalukupiiri, an easy Finnish book club in Facebook.  In addition to general posts about easy Finnish topics, we have a book of the month that we'll discuss in more detail. You can ask anything, and I'm sure that somebody will answer your question. Tervetuloa lukupiiriin!


Vuoden 2017 selkokirjoja. Easy Finnish novels published in 2017.

Kolme valmista ja yksi melkein valmis selkokirja.
Three ready and one almost ready novel in easy Finnish.

Friday, November 24, 2017

How to push in Finnish

I was completing this Memrise course about my easy Finnish novel, and I realized how many different verbs Finnish has for pushing. Do you know the difference between these ones?

  1. painaa
  2. ponnistaa
  3. puskea
  4. työntää
  5. töniä
  6. tönäistä

Here are some example sentences...

  1. Paina tästä. 
  2. Älä ponnista vielä! Ponnista nyt!
  3. Puske sitä palloa!
  4. Työnnä sitä ovea. 
  5. Älä töni!
  6. Tuo poika tönäisi minua. 

...and the translations are after this ad:


  1. Paina tästä. - Push/press here. 
  2. Älä ponnista vielä! Ponnista nyt! - Don't push yet! Push now! (At childbirth.) 
  3. Puske sitä palloa! - Push that ball (with your forehead)!
  4. Työnnä sitä ovea. - Push that door. 
  5. Älä töni! - Don't push me! (töniä = to push another person multiple times)
  6. Tuo poika tönäisi minua. - That boy pushed me. (tönäistä = to push once. It can be an accident or intentional teasing/bullying.)

Pull and push in Finnish and in Swedish.

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Lahjaideoita - Gift ideas

Joulu tulee! Christmas is coming!

Here's a list of great gift ideas for people who are learning Finnish or who just happen to like Finnish things.

Luettavaa - Things to read:


Puettavaa, syötävää ja kuunneltavaa - Things to wear, eat and listen to:

Elämys - A life changing experience:

Selkokirja on aina kiva lahja! :) Tiedäthän, että voit kysyä ja keskustella selkokirjoista Facebookin lukupiirissä?


Monday, November 20, 2017

Being wrong in Finnish

Wrong in Finnish can be either väärä, väärin or väärässä.

  • Tämä on väärä koko. - This is a wrong size. 
  • Mä olin merkinnyt kalenteriin väärän päivän. - I had marked the wrong day in my calendar / journal. 
  • Tämä on väärin! - This is wrong!
  • Anteeksi, mä kuulin väärin. - I'm sorry, I misheard you. 
  • Hän on väärässä. - He is wrong. 
  • Anteeksi, muttataidat olla väärässä junassa. - I'm sorry, but you seem to be in a wrong train. 

Similar posts: 


"Read a book in easy Finnish. It will help you learn more Finnish."

Monday, November 13, 2017

eri - erilainen - ero

What is the difference between eri and erilainen?

Eri is something that is a completely different thing, object or matter.  The word eri doesn't get any endings.

  • Tämä on ihan eri asia! - This is a totally different thing! (You cannot even compare them.)
  • Tämä on eri kirja. - This is a different book. (You should get another one.)
  • Hän soitti eri paikasta kuin aikaisemmin. - He called from different place than before. (Not just different in style, but completely a different location.)

Erilainen is different kind and behaves like any adjective:

  • Tämä kirja on vähän erilainen. - This book is a little bit different.
  • Tästä päivästä tuli erilainen kuin kuvittelin. - This day became different than I imagined. 
  • Kokeillaan jotain erilaista!  - Let's try somehing different!
  • Sinä tuoksut erilaiselta kuin yleensä. - You smell different than usually.

Ero is a difference or a divorce.

  • Mitä eroa näillä on? - What's the difference between these?
  • Mitä eroa on sanoilla eri ja erilainen? - What's the difference between the words eri and erilainen?
  • Ensin tuli vauva, sitten ero. - First came a baby, then a divorce. 

Related posts and a song for you to listen to:


P.s. Have you tried reading novels in easy Finnish yet? Join Selkokirjalukupiiri in Facebook! You can ask about the novels that you are currently reading, get new ideas and discuss the book of the month with other readers.


Thursday, November 9, 2017

Writing tips

Here are writing tips for those who are taking the intermediate Yki exam.

  • Lue ohjeet huolellisesti. - Read the instructions carefully. 
  • Ole yksinkertainen. - Be simple. (The exam is not the place to try out new things, so write what you know is correct.)
  • Älä kirjoita liian pitkiä lauseita. - Don't write sentences that are too long.
  • Käytä vain sanoja, jotka tiedät. - Use only words that you know.
  • Kirjoita selkeällä käsialla. - Use clear handwriting. (A real human being will read your text.)
  • Tarkista lopuksi, että ymmärrät itse, mitä olet kirjoittanut. - After writing, check that you understand what you have written.

You learn to write by writing and getting feedback from your texts. You should also read a lot. And watch my YouTube video about writing.

Useful posts:


Monday, November 6, 2017

Frequentative verbs

Here's a post about verbs that express actions that happen kind of repeatedly or in a light-hearted manner. First we have verb type 3 verbs that are all derived from verb type 1 verbs by changing the end of the verb into -ella or -ellä. As you will notice, sometimes the meaning of a word can change surprisingly much!

Test yourself and see how many of these you understand:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella
  2. haistaa > haistella
  3. heittää > heitellä
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä
  5. hyppiä > hypellä
  6. järjestää > järjestellä
  7. kastaa > kastella
  8. katsoa > katsella
  9. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella
  10. kysyä > kysellä
  11. laulaa > laulella
  12. muistaa > muistella
  13. oksentaa > oksennella
  14. palaa > palella
  15. sairastaa > sairastella
  16. soittaa > soitella
  17. sanoa > sanella
  18. rakastaa > rakastella
  19. tappaa > tapella
  20. vaihtua > vaihdella

Here are the translations:

  1. aivastaa > aivastella - to sneeze > to sneeze repeatedly
  2. haistaa > haistella - to smell > to sniff
  3. heittää > heitellä - to throw > to throw back and forth
  4. hiihtää > hiihdellä - to ski > to ski around, to ski in a light-hearted manner
  5. hyppiä > hypellä - to jump > to jump around
  6. järjestää > järjestellä - to organize > to arrange, to sort
  7. kastaa > kastella - to dip  > to wet something
  8. katsoa > katsella - to watch > to watch, but not so seriously
  9. kirjoittaa > kirjoitella - to write > to write back and forth
  10. kysyä > kysellä - to ask > to ask around
  11. laulaa > laulella - to sing > to sing in a light-hearted manner
  12. muistaa > muistella - to remember > to reminisce, to look back
  13. oksentaa > oksennella - to vomit > to throw up a little bit, but multiple times
  14. palaa > palella - to burn > to feel / be cold 
  15. sairastaa > sairastella - to be sick > to be sick repeatedly
  16. soittaa > soitella - to call/to play an instrument  > to call each other / to play an instrument in a light-hearted manner
  17. sanoa > sanella - to say > to dictate
  18. rakastaa > rakastella - to love > to make love
  19. tappaa > tapella - to kill > to fight, to argue
  20. vaihtua > vaihdella - to change > to vary, to alternate

Another way to make frequentative verbs is to add -eske- inside of  a verb type 3 verb. You can also add -eskella to some verb type 1 verbs. Verb type 4 verbs can get a suffix -illa.

How many do you already know?

  1. nuolla > nuoleskella
  2. olla > oleskella
  3. pierrä > piereskellä 
  4. panna > paneskella
  5. juosta > juoksennella (Juosta has an irregular conjugation anyway.)
  6. lukea > lueskella
  7. nauraa > naureskella
  8. halata > halailla
  9. kirota > kiroilla
  1. nuolla > nuoleskella - to lick > to lick multiple times, to suck up, to flatter
  2. olla > oleskella - to be > to dwell, to linger
  3. pierrä > piereskellä - to pass gas in general > to fart constantly
  4. panna > paneskella  - to have sex > to have sex with one or several people many times or in a light-hearted manner
  5. juosta > juoksennella - to run > to run around
  6. lukea > lueskella - to read > to read in a light-hearted manner
  7. nauraa > naureskella - to laught > to laugh in a sarcastic manner
  8. halata > halailla - to hug > to hug multiple times in a friendly and light-hearted way
  9. kirota > kiroilla - to curse someone > to swear

You can be very creative when making new verbs. Feel free to try anything, but don't be offended if people don't understand you.:)



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About the author of this blog:  


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish.

Friday, November 3, 2017

How to say "I have" in Finnish

Here's a tiny post about different translations of the English phrase I have. In Finnish, you can say it in three different ways!


Similar posts: 


Here are my available Yki courses: 

Monday, October 30, 2017

Monday, October 23, 2017

Mitä uutta? What's new?

Here's a post about my books and courses that are available right now. The newest thing is that I will have a Google Hangouts session on Monday 30.10. at 12.00 Finnish time. It is called Suomea lounaalla, and the idea is to spend your lunch break, or a part of it, by speaking and listening to Finnish. If you want, you can just listen and ask questions through the chat. Tervetuloa ryhmään!

Novels that I've simplified into easy Finnish:


You can borrow my books from the library. If you want to buy them, www.booky.fi is definitely the cheapest online store. I'm currently working on simplifying two novels for adults, two for kids and a comic book.

Available courses:


I also have a podcast channel where my goal is to speak easy Finnish. I'm either interviewing people about their job or hobbies, or reading aloud easy Finnish novels. My dream is to have a real podcast with famous people speaking selkokieli, but I'm not quite there yet.:)

If you want to discuss easy Finnish books with other readers, you can join this Facebook book club hosted by my Facebook page. I also have an Instagram account.

Here's my website about the private lessons. It says that I cannot take any new students right now, but I actually can, if you are ok with studying on Mondays or Tuesdays between 9.00 and 15.00. Other times might me negotiable, too, and you can always suggest topics and schedules for group courses.

p.s. Muista käyttää heijastinta! Remember to wear a reflector!



Thursday, October 19, 2017

Figuring out the Finnish verb stems

When talking about verbs, we often talk about the basic form, and then there's the stem after which you add the different markers and endings. The Finnish verbs can have one or two stems.

Only one stem:


Verb types 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and verb type 1 verbs without the consonant change have only one stem. The stem is easiest to figure out by making the 1st person singular (minä) form, and dropping the n:

  • ASUA, to live: Minä asun. He asuvat. > The stem is ASU-.
  • SYÖDÄ, to eat: Minä syön. He syövät. > The stem is SYÖ-.
  • OPISKELLA, to study: Minä opiskelen. He opiskelevat. > The stem is OPISKELE-.
  • AJATELLA, to think: Minä ajattelen. He ajattelevat > The stem is AJATTELE-
  • PELATA, to play: Minä pelaan. He pelaavat. > The stem is PELAA-.
  • TYKÄTÄ, to like: Minä tykkään. Sinä tykkäät. > The stem is TYKKÄÄ-.
  • VALITA, to choose: Minä valitsen. He valitsevat. > The stem is VALITSE-.
  • VANHETA, to become older: Minä vanhenen. Sinä vanhenet. > The stem is VANHENE-.
  • LÄMMETÄ, to become warmer: Minä lämpenen. Sinä lämpenet. > The stem is LÄMPENE-

Two stems:


Verb type 1 verbs with the consonant change have two stems. The (weak) stem is easiest to figure out by making the 1st person singular (minä) form, and dropping the n. The strong stem is easiest to make from the third person plural (he) and dropping the vat or vat ending.


  • LUKEA, to read: Minä luen. He lukevat. > The weak stem is LUE-, and he strong stem is LUKE-.
  • NUKKUA, to sleep: Minä nukun. He nukkuvat. > The weak stem is NUKU-, and the strong stem is NUKKU-.

When to use the strong stem: 


(In case it's the verb type 1 verb. If not, just use the only stem that the verb has before adding the markers and endings. ) 

1. Third persons in verb type 1, if the verb has a consonant change:
  • Hän lukee. - He reads.
  • He lukevat. - They read

2. Conditional:
  • Lukisin enemmän, jos minulla olisi aikaa. - I would read more if I had time.

3. MA-infinitive:
  • Olin koko päivän rannalla lukemassa. - I spent the whole day reading on the beach
  • Menen kirjastoon lukemaan. - I'm going to the library to read. 
  • Mihin aikaan sinä tulet lukemasta? - At what time will you come from reading?
  • En voinut olla lukematta tätä. - I could not be without reading this. 
  • Opiskelen ruotsia lukemalla ruotsinkielisiä blogeja. - I'm studying Swedish through reading blogs in Swedish.

4. Agent participle:
  • Onko tämä sinun kirjoittama? - Is this written by you?
  • Lukeminen on hauskaa! - Reading is fun!

When to use the weak stem:


  • Minä en lue. - I don't read. 

2. Imperative:
  • Lue! - Read!

3. Verb type 1 passive:
  • Luetaan! - Let's read!

When to start from the basic form


  • Lukekaa! - Read! (for many people)
  • Ajatelkaa! - Think! (for many people)
  • Pakatkaa! - Pack! (for many people)

2. Passive
  • Suomessa syödään ruisleipää. - In Finland, people eat rye bread.
  • Opiskellaan. - Let's study.
  • Pakataan. - Let's pack. 
  • Mitä me tarvitaan? - What do we need? (spoken language)

3. Past participle active:
  • Minä en lukenut tätä eilen. - I didn't read this yesterday. 
  • Mitä sinä olet tehnyt? - What have you done?
  • Tulin tänne oppiakseni Suomea. - I came here to learn Finnish. 
  • Istuin junassa kirjaa lukien. - I sat on the train reading a book. 

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About the author of this blog:  


My name is Hanna Männikkölahti, and I am a native Finn who gives private lessons via Skype and simplifies books into easy Finnish. Please leave a comment, if you have something to ask about Finnish.

Saturday, October 14, 2017

What to watch in Yle Areena

It's been a while since I recommended tv shows to watch in Finnish.

Here are three Yle Areena shows that are also available abroad:


If you are watching Yle Areena in Finland, you have to check out Sohvaperunat. Finnish people watching tv together with their friends and family. What could be better entertainment? :)

Sohvaperunat. Sohva = a sofa / a couch, Peruna = a potato

p.s. You can also order my blog to your email. Type your email to where it says "Read my posts in your email"  in the right hand banner.

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Choosing the perfect easy Finnish book

Would you like to read a book in easy Finnish, but you don't know which book would be good for you right now? Here's a handy flowchart that I just created:



You can take a look at the sample pages in Selkokeskus website. Booky.fi is another good online bookstore, and they also ship abroad.

Related posts:



Selkokirjoja. Books in easy Finnish.


Thursday, September 28, 2017

Finnish words with a lot of ö's

It's time for a fun list!

Do you know the meaning of this ö-words?

  1. dödö
  2. hölmö
  3. Höpö höpö!
  4. kökkö
  5. löllö
  6. mömmö
  7. mörkö
  8. nössö
  9. pöllö
  10. pönttö
  11. pöpö
  12. söpö
  13. tönö

Here are the translations:

  1. dödö - a colloquial word for deodorantti
  2. hölmö - a fool
  3. Höpö höpö! - Just kidding!
  4. kökkö - bad or tasteless as in kökköenglanti or kökkö elokuva
  5. löllö - wobbly as in löllö käsivarsi, a wobbly arm
  6. mömmö - goo as in Mitä tämä vihreä mömmö on? What's this green goo?
  7. mörkö - a boogeyman, or this scary Moomin character
  8. nössö - a wimp, a sissy
  9. pöllö - an owl
  10. pönttö - a toilet bowl, a large can, or a dumb person
  11. pöpö - a children's word for bakteeri
  12. söpö - cute
  13. tönö - a shack
Söpö pöllö.

Here are some other lists on this blog:


p.s. Check out my simplification of a Finnish novel!